Alabama Election Information

Upcoming Elections in Your State

November 3, 2020 – General Election

Voter Registration Deadlines & Important Dates
  • October 19: Voter registration deadline
  • October 29: Last day for voter to request an absentee ballot
  • November 2: Last day for voter to hand-deliver absentee ballot to Absentee Election Manager (usually Circuit Clerk) by close of business (no later than 5 pm)
  • November 3: Medical emergency designee must deliver absentee ballot to absentee election manager no later than noon.

For more information, visit the Alabama Secretary of State’s website.

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

When You Can Vote

Election Day:

Polls are open from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. Central Time on Election Day. Counties in the Eastern Time Zone will open and close at 7:00 a.m. and close at 7:00 p.m. Eastern Time. Chambers and Lee Counties may operate on either Central Time or Eastern Time.

Alabama does not have early voting.

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

Where You Can Vote

How to Find Your Polling Place: Visit the Alabama Secretary of State’s polling place locator web page.

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

Registering to Vote

Registration Deadlines:  You must register 15 days before an election you intend to vote in.

How to Check Your Registration:  Use Alabama’s Registrant Search website (https://myinfo.alabamavotes.gov/VoterView/RegistrantSearch.do) or call 1-866-OUR-VOTE.

Registration Eligibility:  In order to be eligible to register in Alabama, you must:

  • Be a citizen of the United States;
  • Reside in Alabama;
  • Be at least 18 years old on or before Election Day;
  • Not be barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction; and
  • Not have been declared mentally incompetent by a court.

There is no duration of residence requirement in Alabama; you may register the first day that you move to the state. 

How to Register:  Alabama residents may register online, by mail, or in person. 

Online

In order to register to vote online, you must have either an Alabama Driver’s License or a Non-Driver’s Identification Card.  Applicants can apply to register on the Secretary of State’s website (https://www.alabamainteractive.org/sos/voter_registration/voterRegistrationWelcome.action).

By Mail

In order to register by mail, you must obtain a mail-in registration form by:

  • Downloading a mail-in form from the Secretary of State’s website (https://www.sos.alabama.gov/alabama-votes/voter/register-to-vote);
  • Picking up a form at Probate Judge and License Commissioner offices, colleges and universities, public schools, or libraries; or
  • Requesting a form by contacting the county Board of Registrars or the Elections Division in the Secretary of State’s office (1-800-274-8683).

In Person

You may register to vote in person in any of the following ways:

  • When applying for or renewing your driver’s license or State Identification Card;
  • At state or local government offices when applying or recertifying for Aid to Dependent Children, SNAP, TANF, Food Stamps, WIC, Medicaid, or Rehabilitation Services;
  • At public libraries;
  • At armed forces recruiting stations; or
  • At the Board of Registrars located at the county seat in your county of residence.

Identification Required for Registration

Voters may register by mail without identification, but they must provide a form of identification when they vote at the polls on Election Day.

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

Voting Early & by Absentee Ballot

If You Want to Vote Early

Alabama does not have early voting, but voters who qualify for absentee voting may vote absentee in person at their local elections office (usually the Circuit Clerk).  For more information on absentee voting, visit the Secretary of State’s absentee voting information page: https://www.sos.alabama.gov/alabama-votes/voter/absentee-voting?m=voters.

 

If You Want to Vote Absentee

DUE TO COVID-19 any qualified voter who determines it is impossible or unreasonable to vote at their polling place is eligible to check the box on the absentee ballot application that is most applicable to that individual. In the case none of the boxes are appropriate, voters can check the box which reads:

“I have a physical illness or infirmity which prevents my attendance at the polls.”

Other accepted reasons for voting absentee:

  • Expects to be absent from the county on Election Day;
  • Is ill or has a physical infirmity that prevents a trip to the polling place;
  • Is a registered Alabama voter living outside the county;
  • Is a member of or a dependent of a member of the United States armed forces;
  • Is a caregiver for a family member to the second degree of kinship who is confined to home;
  • Expects to work a required shift of 10 hours or more that coincides with polling hours;
  • Is an appointed election officer or poll watcher at a polling place other than their regular polling place; or
  • Is incarcerated in prison and has not been convicted of a felony involving moral turpitude.

Rules and Deadlines:

Absentee Ballot Application Procedure

  • Make sure to include the following with your absentee ballot application:
    • A copy of your valid photo identification
    • Voter signature (Signature must be original, electronic signatures will not be accepted.)

Absentee Ballot Application Deadlines:

  • An absentee ballot application must be hand-delivered or mailed to the Absentee Election Manager (usually the Circuit Clerk) at least 5 days before Election Day.
  • Business/Medical Emergency Voting:  Application for an absentee ballot can be made after 5 days before Election Day but no later than 5 p.m. on the day before Election Day, if the voter:
    • Is required by an employer under unforeseen circumstances to be out of the county on Election Day for an emergency business trip; or
    • Has a medical emergency requiring treatment from a licensed physician within 5 days of Election Day (a designee may accept and return the ballot)
    • Is a caregiver of a person who has a medical emergency requiring treatment from a licensed physician within 5 days of Election Day.
    • Has a family member to the second degree of kinship by affinity or consanguinity die within five days before an election

Absentee Ballot Procedure

  • The ballot must either signed by a notary or two witnesses. It will not be counted otherwise.
  • The absentee ballot comes with 3 envelopes — one plain (the secrecy envelope), one with an affidavit, or oath, printed on the outside, and one plain pre-addressed envelope, (the outer envelope). Once the voter casts the ballot, the procedure is as follows:
    • Seal the ballot in the plain envelope
    • Place the plain envelope inside the accompanying affidavit envelope
    • Seal the affidavit envelope and complete the affidavit that is on the outside of the envelope
    • Sign the affidavit and have the signature witnessed by either a notary public or two witnesses 18 years of age or older.

Absentee Ballot Deadline

  • A regular absentee ballot must be postmarked and received by the Absentee Election Manager no later than noon on Election Day.
  • If hand-delivered, it must be received by no later than 5 p.m. on the day before Election Day.
  • For medical emergency absentee voting, a medical emergency designee must deliver absentee ballot to absentee election manager no later than noon on Election Day.

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

Identification Requirements

Identification Requirements to Cast a Ballot

Valid forms of ID are:

  • Valid Alabama driver’s license or non-driver ID card;
  • Valid Alabama photo voter ID card;
  • Valid state-issued ID (from Alabama or another state);
  • Valid federal-issued ID;
  • Valid U.S. passport;
  • Valid employee ID from the Federal Government, State of Alabama, County, Municipality, Board or other Alabama entity;
  • Valid student or employee ID card issued by a college or university in the state, provided it includes a photo;
  • Valid U.S. military ID card containing a photo; and
  • Valid tribal ID card containing a photo.

Without one of these forms of identification, a voter is permitted to:

  • Vote a challenged or provisional ballot, or
  • Vote, if he or she is identified as a voter on the poll list who is eligible to vote by two poll workers and both poll workers sign the voting sign-in register by the voter’s name.

There are two primary exceptions to the photo identification requirement:

  • A voter who is a member of the military or who resides overseas eligible to vote by absentee ballot pursuant to the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) is not required to provide ID when voting an absentee ballot, and
  • A voter who is entitled to vote by absentee ballot pursuant to the Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped Act or any other federal law shall not be required to produce identification when voting by absentee ballot.

VoteRiders has created Alabama voter ID info cards in English and in Spanish.

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

If You Have Moved Within Your State

Moving within the Same County

Voters should notify the Board of Registrars of any change of address.  This may be done in person at the county Board of Registrars’ office or by mail.  If the voter has not updated his/her address within the county, he/she will be able to cast a provisional ballot at the polling place associated with the new address. The provisional ballot will be counted if the county clerk can determine that you are registered to vote in the state and reside in the area covered by that polling place.

 

Moving Between Counties

A registered voter who has changed his or her county of residence must register to vote again in the new county of residence no later than 15 days before Election Day.  If a voter who has relocated to another county has not re-registered to vote, that voter will not be permitted to vote in the election.

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

If You Are in the Military or Are an Overseas Voter

Military and other overseas citizens may use the standard procedure for absentee voting by mail, but there are also special provisions for members of the U.S. Armed Forces and merchant marine, commissioned corps of the Public Health Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, along with family members of all these groups, and other citizens who reside outside the United States (together these groups are called UOCAVA voters).

Registering and Requesting an Absentee Ballot

UOCAVA voters can use the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA) to register to vote and to request an absentee ballot.  Visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program’s (FVAP) Alabama-specific FPCA page.

UOCAVA voters may also register to vote and request an absentee ballot through the Alabama Military & Overseas Voting Services website or by calling 1-800-274-VOTE (8683).

Receiving an Absentee Ballot

UOCAVA voters may receive their blank absentee ballots by U.S. Mail or electronic transmission.  To request election transmission of the blank ballot, UOCAVA voters must mark the appropriate box and provide an email address on the State of Alabama “UOCAVA Application for Absentee Ballot” (available here) or on the FPCA (see Alabama-specific FPCA page). Ballots must be returned via U.S. Mail, commercial carrier, or by hand delivery.

Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot

The Federal Write-in Absentee Ballot (FWAB) is a back-up ballot that can be used by UOCAVA voters.  You can use this FWAB whether you are located inside or outside the United States (including APO and FPO addresses), provided that you are away from your voting residence for service-related activities.  You must apply for a regular ballot early enough for your local election officials to receive the request at least 5 days before the election.  If you do not receive your regular ballot in time, you may use the FWAB.  Your FWAB must be received by your local voting officials in Alabama no later than noon on Election Day.  For specific instructions, visit the FVAP’s Alabama-specific FWAB page

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

If You Have a Felony Conviction

A person who has been convicted of certain felonies involving “moral turpitude,” whether in state or federal court, may register to vote and vote only if he or she obtains a pardon that specifically restores the right to vote, or if he or she is granted a Certificate of Eligibility to Vote by the Board of Pardons and Paroles. A person may apply to the Board of Pardons and Paroles for a Certificate of Eligibility to Vote if his or her conviction was for a felony other than treason, impeachment, murder, rape, or various sexual offenses; he or she has no criminal felony charges pending against him or her; he or she has paid all fines, court costs, fees, and victim restitution associated with the conviction; and he or she has completed his or her sentence, including any period of probation and parole.

If a person has been convicted of a felony that does not involve “moral turpitude,” he or she remains eligible to vote and does not need to apply for a Certificate of Eligibility to Vote or receive a pardon. A list of crimes considered to involve “moral turpitude “can be found here.

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

Election Protection Materials

FAQ

Top Issues

For more information for voters with disabilities, find a National Disability Rights Network partner in your area.

For more information for student voters, visit the Student Voting Guide from the Brennan Center for Justice.

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!