Florida

Upcoming Elections

Oct. 5, 2020 – Voter Registration Deadline

Florida does not offer same day registration.

Oct. 24, 2020 – Vote-By-Mail Ballot Request Deadline (by 5 p.m.)

You must first be a registered voter.

Oct. 24, 2020 – First Day of Mandatory Early Voting
Oct. 31, 2020 – Last Day of Mandatory Early Voting
Oct. 19, 2020 – Optional Early Voting Days

October 19 – 23 and November 1.

Hours vary by county.  Check with the local Supervisor of Elections website, Early Voting Locations and Times, or by telephone. 

Nov. 1, 2020 – Last Day of Optional Early Voting

October 19 – 23 and November 1.

Hours vary by county.  Check with the local Supervisor of Elections website, Early Voting Locations and Times, or by telephone. 

Voting in Florida

When You Can Vote

Election Day

The polls are open on Election Day, from 7 a.m. until 7 p.m. Any voters waiting in line at 7:00 p.m. will have the opportunity to cast a ballot.

 

Where You Can Vote

How to Find Your Polling Place

Use the Voter Information Lookup, your local Supervisor of Elections website, or call 1-866-OUR-VOTE. “`

Registering to Vote

Registration Deadlines: 

You must register at least 29 days before the election. For the 2020 General Election this deadline is October 5, 2020.

Florida does not have same-day registration.

Check Your Registration, or your local Supervisor of Elections website.

Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE. If a voter needs further assistance, they can contact the Bureau of Voter Registration Services’ Voter Assistance Hotline at 1-866-308-6739 or email BVRSHelp@dos.myflorida.com.

Registration Eligibility

A person may become a registered voter only if that person:

  1. Is at least 18 years of age (You may pre-register to vote if you are 16 years old);
  2. Is a citizen of the United States;
  3. Is a legal resident of the State of Florida;
  4. Is a legal resident of the county in which that person seeks to be registered; and
  5. Registered pursuant to the Florida Election Code. 

 

  1. Be a Citizen of the United States of America (A lawful permanent resident, commonly referred to as a “green card holder,” does not have the right to register or vote in Florida);
  2. Be a Florida resident;
  3. Be at least 18 years old (You may pre-register to vote if you are 16 years old);
  4. Not have been adjudicated mentally incapacitated with respect to voting in Florida or any other state without having the right to vote restored;
  5. Not have been convicted of a felony without your voting rights having been restored

How to Register:

You must register by October 5, 2020 to vote in the November 2020 General Elections.  Voters can apply to register to vote in any of the following ways: 

In Person

  • Request or pick-up a Florida Voter Registration Application from their County Supervisor of Elections. Complete, sign and mail the application to the office of their County Supervisor of Elections. 
  • Apply through any Florida driver license office or tax collector’s office that issues driver licenses or Florida identification cards. 
  • Apply through any voter registration agency. These agencies include:
    • Any office that provides public assistance (e.g., Department of Children and Families’ Food Assistance Program and the Temporary Cash Assistance Program and Department of Health’s WIC Program);
    • Any office that primarily serves persons with disabilities (e.g., Department of Education’s Division of Blind Services and Division of Vocational Rehabilitation, any center for independent living, any office within an educational institute that serves persons with disabilities);
    • Any military recruitment office (Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marines, Navy, Marines); 
    • Centers for Independent Living; or
    • Any public library. including county libraries and municipal libraries

By Mail

  • Fill in the online Voter Registration Application (English / Español ) on the Division of Elections’ website. Print, sign, and mail the application to the office of your County Supervisor of Elections.
  • Obtain a Florida Voter Registration Application form from any county Supervisor of Elections, local library, or entity authorized by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission to issue permits for fishing, hunting or trapping. Complete, sign, and mail the application to your County Supervisor of Elections.

Online 

Voters with a Florida driver license or Florida identification card issued by the Florida Department of Highway Safety & Motor Vehicles may register or update their registration online

For more information visit the Florida Online Registration website

Identification Requirements

Identification Requirements to Cast an in-person Ballot (including during early voting)

To vote a regular ballot, the Florida clerk or inspector requires each elector, upon entering the polling place, to present one of the following current and valid picture identifications:

  • Florida driver license;
  • Florida identification card issued by the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles;
  • United States passport;
  • Debit or credit card;
  • Military identification;
  • Student identification;
  • Retirement center identification; 
  • Neighborhood association identification;
  • Public assistance identification; 
  • Veteran health identification card issued by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs;
  • A license to carry a concealed weapon or firearm; or
  • Employee identification card issued by any branch, department, agency, or entity of the Federal Government, the state, a county, or a municipality.

Note: If the picture identification does not contain the signature of the voter, an additional identification that provides the voter’s signature shall be required

If the voter fails to furnish the required identification, the voter shall be allowed to vote a provisional ballot. As long as the voter is eligible and voted in the proper precinct, the provisional ballot will count provided the signature on the provisional ballot matches the voter’s signature in their registration record.

 

Voting Early & Vote-By-Mail Ballot

If You Want to Vote Early

For the 2020 General Election, registered voters may go in person to an early voting site and vote between October 24 and October 31, 2020.  Hours vary by county. Each County’s Supervisor of Elections may offer additional days of early voting from one or more of the following days: October 19, 20, 21, 22, and 23, as well as November 1.  

Your County’s Supervisor of Elections will have the specific information for early voting dates times, and locations. Find information on your  County’s Supervisor of Elections or Early Voting Dates, Locations, and Times.

 Voters who want to vote early should present the following at the early voting site:

  • a valid photo identification; and
  • a signature identification.

Valid Photo Identification for early voting as well as regular voting includes:

  • Florida driver license;
  • Florida identification card issued by the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles;
  • United States passport; 
  • debit or credit card; 
  • military identification; 
  • student identification; 
  • retirement center identification; 
  • neighborhood association identification; 
  • public assistance identification; 
  • veteran health identification card issued by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs; 
  • license to carry a concealed weapon or firearm issued pursuant to s. 790.06; 
  • an employee identification card issued by any branch, department, agency, or entity of the Federal Government, the state, a county, or a municipality (Section 101.043, F.S.).

Please note that, if the picture identification does not contain a signature, you will be asked to provide an additional identification with your signature.

Voters can vote at any early voting site within their County when the site is open. 

If You Want to Vote Absentee, now known as Vote-By-Mail

As of July 1, 2016, the term “Absentee Ballot” has been changed to “Vote-by-Mail Ballot” in Florida. 

To vote-by-mail you must request a vote-by-mail (VBM) ballot. A request for a VBM ballot may be made in one of the following ways:

  • Online application on your County Supervisors of Elections’ website;
  • In writing (e.g., by email, fax, mail) to the county Supervisor of Elections;
  • In person at Supervisor of Elections; or
  • By telephone call to Supervisor of Elections.

If you are making the request, the following information is required:

  • The name of the voter for whom the ballot is being requested;
  • The voter’s address;
  • The voter’s date of birth; and
  • The voter’s signature (if the request is written).

If an immediate family member or legal guardian is requesting a vote-by-mail ballot for you, the following additional information must be provided:

  • The requestor’s address;
  • The requestor’s driver license number (if available);
  • The requestor’s relationship to the voter; and
  • The requestor’s signature (if the request is written).

Rather than receiving the VBM ballot by mail, a voter can also pick up their Vote-By-Mail ballot in-person from the Supervisor of Elections until 7:00 p.m. on Election Day.  The voter can designate in writing someone to pick up a vote by mail ballot for them on election day or up to 9 days prior, the designee will need to show photo identification and an affidavit https://www.dos.myflorida.com/media/701775/dsde37.pdf / https://www.dos.myflorida.com/media/701768/dsde37_spa.pdf .  However, for a voter or their immediate family member or designee to pick up a VBM ballot on Election Day, they need to sign a form explaining the voter has an emergency preventing them from going to the polling place. This is called an Election Day VBM Ballot Delivery Affidavit.  For more information, see the Secretary of State’s VBM webpage, Affidavit (English)  Affidavit (Español).

Please note that the process for returning VBM ballots by a designee is different for voters registered to vote in Miami-Dade County. Please see the Miami-Dade County Supervisor of Elections’ website  for additional information.

The deadline to request that a VBM ballot be mailed is no later than 5 p.m. on the 10th day before the election, which is October 24, 2020 for the 2020 General Election. Otherwise, a VBM ballot can be picked-up until and including on Election Day.

Instructions will be included with a VBM ballot.  Please follow the instructions carefully. Fill in the appropriate ovals completely and avoid making stray marks on your ballot – they can impact how the ballot is read.  Make sure you sign and date the Voter’s Certificate on the return ballot envelope.  The VBM ballot must be returned by mail, delivered the Supervisor of Elections Office or at an Early Voting Site Drop Box during the days and hours of operation.– It cannot be emailed. Also:

  • You can only vote once.  A person who has requested and returned a VBM ballot to the Supervisor of Elections Office may not go to the polls to vote. 
  • If someone votes for more than one candidate in a race (unless it’s a contest in which people are supposed to pick more than one candidate) the vote for that race won’t count. 
  • People are allowed to skip a race.
  • Turn it over. For most voters, there are races on both sides of ballot pages.
  • Keep them separate. If more than one mail ballot comes to a household, they should be kept separate. Unique bar codes are on each envelope and if two spouses sign each other’s envelopes that causes problems.
  • Stuck envelope problem. If your ballot arrived with the return envelopes stuck shut because of humidity, it can be opened, initialed, and taped shut to return. The most important thing is the signature.

Generally, if a domestic Florida voter requests a VBM ballot be mailed to an address other than the address on their voter registration, they can do so only in writing, with their signature, which can be faxed or emailed to the Supervisor of Elections. 

For more information visit Florida State Elections vote by mail page.  

If You are in the Military or an Overseas Voter

Absent uniformed service members (and their eligible dependents) and U.S. citizens living outside the U.S. are eligible to vote under the Uniformed and Overseas Absentee Voting Act. They can register to vote online or get step-by-step assistance and forms at http://www.fvap.gov/. Military and Overseas voters can both register to vote and request a ballot using the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA).  Military and overseas voters may request a ballot by telephone, mail, email, or fax, and may choose to receive the blank ballot by mail, email, or fax. Voted ballots must be returned by mail, or by fax – fax return is only for voters who are outside of the US, not stateside. See more information here

Vote-by-mail ballots cast by uniformed and overseas voters during a presidential preference primary or general election must be postmarked or dated no later than Election Day and received by the Supervisor of Elections no later than ten (10) days after election day. 

A military or Vote-by-Mail voter who makes a timely ballot request but does not receive a ballot may use the emergency federal write-in Military absentee ballot for any state, federal, or local election. This is available online at the Federal Voter Assistance Program. A military or overseas voter who submits an emergency write in ballot but later receives their official ballot in the mail may complete the official ballot and should make “every reasonable effort” to inform the supervisor of elections that they are submitting a second ballot. If the official ballot is received on time, the write-in ballot will be invalidated and the official ballot will be counted. Military and overseas voters may check the status of their ballot or with their county’s Supervisor of Elections. 

Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot

If you are an absent stateside or overseas uniformed services personnel or spouse or dependent absent because of the uniformed services personnel or an overseas U.S. citizen, you can use the emergency back-up ballot known as the Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot (FWAB).  It can be used to vote in any election for federal office and any state or local election. FWAB ballots and directions can be found here

If You Have Moved Within Your State

Moving within the Same County

The voter may cast a regular ballot at their NEW polling place after completing an address change verification form or new voter registration form. This may be done at the NEW polling place.

Moving Between Counties

If the voter’s NEW county uses an electronic poll book, or if the voter is an active uniformed services voter (or member of a service-member’s family), the voter may cast a regular ballot at their NEW polling place after completing an address change verification at the NEW polling place. In all other circumstances, the voter must vote a provisional ballot at the correct precinct in their NEW county.  A voter should NOT be directed to the polling place for their previous residence address. 

If You Have a Felony Conviction

A felony conviction for murder or a sexual offense makes a person ineligible to vote in Florida unless and until the person’s right to vote is restored by the State Clemency Board. For any other felony conviction, a person is eligible to vote if the person has completed all terms of their sentence, including: prison or jail time; parole or probation, etc.; and payment of the total amount of all fines, fees, costs, and restitution ordered as part of the felony sentence.

  • Persons who have unpaid fines, fees, or restitution associated with their felony convictions are not eligible to vote.
  • Persons who are on parole or probation are not eligible to vote.
  • Persons who do not have unpaid fines, fees, or restitution associated with their felony convictions are eligible to vote.  
  • Persons who do not know if they have unpaid fines, fees, or restitution associated with their felony convictions can request this information from:
  • The clerk of the court in the jurisdiction(s) in which you were convicted, whether that is a circuit court in Florida, a court in another state, or a federal court; and/or
  • The Florida Division of Elections — You can write a letter to the Florida Division of Elections making a Request for an Advisory Opinion containing:
  • the amount of any fines, fees, or restitution that must be paid to make them eligible to vote;
  • an explanation of how the amount was calculated; and 
  • which entities they are responsible for providing payment to and the amount, and mail it to:

Florida Department of State, Division of Elections

Director’s Office

Room 316, R. A. Gray Building

500 South Bronough Street

Tallahassee, FL 32399-0250

  • Note that the Florida Division of Elections may not respond to inquiries in a timely fashion, and the voter should not rely on their non-response as an indication that they do not have any outstanding fines, fees, or restitution.
  • Persons with a felony conviction in another state are ineligible to vote in Florida if the conviction would make the person ineligible to vote in either Florida or the state where the person was convicted.
  • Voters can also contact the Florida Rights Restoration Coalition  or 877-698-6830 for more information and assistance.

Beware that even if a person has successfully registered to vote, this does not answer the question of whether they may vote.  Election officials are not providing much in the way of guidance and are not screening new voter registration applications for this issue.

Election Protection Materials

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