Florida

Upcoming Elections

Oct. 5, 2020 – Voter Registration Deadline

Deadline to register is 29 days before the election. Florida is a closed primary state and changes to party affiliation must be made by the registration deadline. Registrations or changes in party affiliation that are made after the deadline will be processed for future elections.

Oct. 23, 2020 – Vote-By-Mail Ballot Request Deadline (by 5 p.m.)

Requests that a vote-by-mail ballots for Nov. 2 elections be mailed are due on Oct. 23, 2021, at 5:00 p.m.  A ballot may be requested in person until Nov. 1, 2021, the day before election day, unless there is an emergency.

Nov. 2, 2021 – Deadline for Vote-by-Mail Ballots to be Returned

Vote-by-Mail ballots, including those returned by mail, must be received by 7:00 p.m. on Nov. 2, 2021

Vote-by-Mail Ballots may be returned at county’s Early Voting Locations during hours of operation via secure drop box. See Table 1 for a guide to dates, times and locations.

  • In Palm Beach County Vote-by-Mail Ballots may be returned at:
    • Secretary of Election Drop Boxes between Oct. 23 and Nov. 2. The dates and hours of availability of individual drop boxes varies by location. More information is available at: https://www.votepalmbeach.gov/Poat county’s Special Election Early Voting Locationsrtals/PalmBeach/Images/SOE_SpecialElectionwmap_ENG.pdf
  • In Broward County Vote-by-Mail Ballots may be returned at:
    • Any Early Voting location during the hours of operation via secure drop box. Early Voting Locations may be found at www.browardvotes.gov (click on “Early Voting”)
    • At the Broward County Supervisor of Elections, 1501 NW 40th Ave., Lauderhill, Florida 33313 Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.]

Last updated: October 2021

Voting in Florida

When You Can Vote

Election Day

The polls are open on Election Day, from 7 a.m. until 7 p.m. Any voters waiting in line at 7:00 p.m. will have the opportunity to cast a ballot.

 

Where You Can Vote

How to Find Your Polling Place

Use https://registration.elections.myflorida.com/CheckVoterStatus.

Your local Supervisor of Elections website: https://dos.elections.myflorida.com/supervisors/

Registering to Vote

Registration Deadlines: 

You must register at least 29 days before the election. For the 2021 General Election this deadline is October 4, 2021.

 

Florida does not have same-day registration.

 

How to Check Your Registration: Use https://registration.elections.myflorida.com/CheckVoterStatus ,

or a similar function on your local Supervisor of Elections website: https://dos.elections.myflorida.com/supervisors/

Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE. If a voter needs further assistance, they can contact the Bureau of Voter Registration Services’ Voter Assistance Hotline at 1-866-308-6739 or email [email protected].

 

 

Registration Eligibility

 

A person may become a registered voter only if that person:

  1. Is at least 18 years of age (You may pre-register to vote if you are 16 years old);
  2. Is a citizen of the United States (A lawful permanent resident, commonly referred to as a “green card holder,” does not have the right to register or vote in Florida);
  3. Is a legal resident of the State of Florida;
  4. Is a legal resident of the county in which that person seeks to be registered; 
  5. Registered pursuant to the Florida Election Code;
  6. Has not been adjudicated mentally incapacitated with respect to voting in Florida or any other state without having the right to vote restored; and
  7. Has not been convicted of a felony in any State without your voting rights having been restored.

 

 

How to Register:

You must register by October 4, 2021 to vote in the November 2, 2021 Election.  Voters can apply to register to vote in any of the following ways: 

In Person

  • Request or pick-up a Florida Voter Registration Application from their County Supervisor of Elections. Complete, sign and mail the application to the office of their County Supervisor of Elections. 
  • Apply through any Florida driver license office or tax collector’s office that issues driver licenses or Florida identification cards. 
  • Apply through any voter registration agency. These agencies include:
    • Any office that provides public assistance (e.g., Department of Children and Families’ Food Assistance Program and the Temporary Cash Assistance Program and Department of Health’s WIC Program);
    • Any office that primarily serves persons with disabilities (e.g., Department of Education’s Division of Blind Services and Division of Vocational Rehabilitation, any center for independent living, any office within an educational institute that serves persons with disabilities);
    • Any military recruitment office (Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marines, Navy, Marines); 
    • Centers for Independent Living; or
    • Any public library. including county libraries and municipal libraries

 

By Mail

 

Online 

Voters with a Florida driver license or Florida identification card issued by the Florida Department of Highway Safety & Motor Vehicles may register or update their registration online at https://registertovoteflorida.gov/home

 

For more information:  http://dos.myflorida.com/elections/for-voters/voter-registration/register- to-vote-or-update-your-information

Identification Requirements

Identification Requirements to Cast an in-person Ballot (including during early voting)

To vote a regular ballot, the Florida clerk or inspector requires each elector, upon entering the polling place, to present one of the following current and valid picture identifications:

 

  • Florida driver license;
  • Florida identification card issued by the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles;
  • United States passport;
  • Debit or credit card;
  • Military identification;
  • Student identification;
  • Retirement center identification; 
  • Neighborhood association identification;
  • Public assistance identification; 
  • Veteran health identification card issued by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs;
  • A license to carry a concealed weapon or firearm; or
  • Employee identification card issued by any branch, department, agency, or entity of the Federal Government, the state, a county, or a municipality.

 

Note: If the picture identification does not contain the signature of the voter, an additional identification that provides the voter’s signature shall be required. 

If the voter fails to furnish the required identification, the voter shall be allowed to vote a provisional ballot. As long as the voter is eligible and voted in the proper precinct, the provisional ballot will count provided the signature on the provisional ballot matches the voter’s signature in their registration record.

Voting Early & Vote-By-Mail Ballot

If You Want to Vote Early

 

For the 2021 Elections, registered voters may go in person to an early voting site and vote. Dates and hours of early voting vary by county.  Voters in line at the polls at 7 p.m. will be allowed to vote.

Your County’s Supervisor of Elections will also have the specific information for early voting locations. Find information on your County’s Supervisor of Elections at: 

https://dos.elections.myflorida.com/supervisors/ or https://dos.myflorida.com/media/703585/statewide-early-voting-locations-for-2020-gen.pdf

 

 Voters who want to vote early should present the following at the early voting site:

 

  • a valid photo identification; and, if the photo identification does not contain a signature,
  • a signature identification.

 

Valid Photo Identification for early voting as well as regular voting includes:

  • Florida driver license;
  • Florida identification card issued by the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles;
  • United States passport; 
  • debit or credit card; 
  • military identification; 
  • student identification; 
  • retirement center identification; 
  • neighborhood association identification; 
  • public assistance identification; 
  • veteran health identification card issued by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs; 
  • license to carry a concealed weapon or firearm issued pursuant to s. 790.06; 
  • an employee identification card issued by any branch, department, agency, or entity of the Federal Government, the state, a county, or a municipality.

 

Please note that, if the picture identification does not contain a signature, you will be asked to provide an additional identification with your signature.

 

If You Want to Vote Absentee, now known as Vote-By-Mail

 

As of July 1, 2016, the term “Absentee Ballot” has been changed to “Vote-by-Mail Ballot” in Florida. 

 

To vote-by-mail you must request a vote-by-mail (VBM) ballot. A request for a VBM ballot may be made in one of the following ways:

 

  • Online application on your County Supervisors of Elections’ website;
  • In writing (e.g., by email, fax, mail) to the county Supervisor of Elections;
  • In person at Supervisor of Elections; or
  • By telephone call to Supervisor of Elections.

 

If you are making the request, the following information is required:

 

  • The name of the voter for whom the ballot is being requested;
  • The voter’s address;
  • The voter’s date of birth; 
  • The voter’s Florida driver license number, the voter’s identification number, or the last four digits of the voter’s social security number; and
  • The voter’s signature (if the request is written).

 

If an immediate family member or legal guardian is requesting a vote-by-mail ballot for you, the following additional information must be provided:

  • The requestor’s name;
  • The requestor’s address;
  • The requestor’s driver license number, the requestor’s identification number, or the last four digits of the requestor’s social security number (if available);
  • The requestor’s relationship to the voter; and
  • The requestor’s signature (if the request is written).

 

Rather than receiving the VBM ballot by mail, a voter can also pick up their Vote-By-Mail ballot in-person from the Supervisor of Elections until 7:00 p.m. on Election Day.  The voter can designate in writing someone to pick up a vote by mail ballot for them on election day or up to 9 days prior, the designee will need to show photo identification and an affidavit https://www.dos.myflorida.com/media/701775/dsde37.pdf / https://www.dos.myflorida.com/media/701768/dsde37_spa.pdf .  

 

However, for a voter or their immediate family member or designee to pick up a VBM ballot on Election Day, they need to sign a form explaining the voter has an emergency preventing them from going to the polling place. This is called an Election Day VBM Ballot Delivery Affidavit. For more information, see the Secretary of State’s VBM webpage, http://dos.myflorida.com/elections/for-voters/voting/vote-by-mail/ https://dos.myflorida.com/media/693307/dsde136.pdf https://dos.myflorida.com/media/693308/dsde136_spa.pdf

 

Please note that the process for returning VBM ballots by a designee is different for voters registered to vote in Miami-Dade County. Please see the Miami-Dade County Supervisor of Elections’ website at this link for additional information: https://www.miamidade.gov/elections/library/instructions/vote-by-mail-ballot-return-policy-en.pdf

 

The deadline to request that a VBM ballot be mailed is no later than 5 p.m. on the 10th day before the election, which is October 23, 2021 for the November 2, 2021, Election. Otherwise, a VBM ballot can be requested and picked-up until and including on Election Day, except in Miami-Dade County. 

 

Instructions will be included with a VBM ballot.  Please follow the instructions carefully. Fill in the appropriate ovals completely and avoid making stray marks on your ballot – they can impact how the ballot is read.  Insert the completed ballot into the security envelope provided with the ballot and seal the security envelope. The insert the security envelope into the return ballot envelope and seal it. Make sure you sign and date the Voter’s Certificate on the return ballot envelope.  The VBM ballot must be returned by mail, delivered to the Supervisor of Elections Office, or deposited at an Early Voting Site Drop Box during the days and hours of operation.– It cannot be emailed. Also:

 

  • You can only vote once.  A person who has requested and returned a VBM ballot to the Supervisor of Elections Office may not go to the polls to vote. 
  • If someone votes for more than one candidate in a race (unless it’s a contest in which people are supposed to pick more than one candidate) the vote for that race won’t count. 
  • People are allowed to skip a race.
  • Turn it over. For most voters, there are races on both sides of ballot pages.
  • Keep them separate. If more than one mail ballot comes to a household, they should be kept separate. Unique bar codes are on each envelope and if two spouses sign each other’s envelopes that causes problems.
  • Stuck envelope problem. If your ballot arrived with the return envelopes stuck shut because of humidity, it can be opened, initialed, and taped shut to return. The most important thing is the signature.

 

Generally, if a domestic Florida voter requests a VBM ballot be mailed to an address other than the address on file in the Florida Voter Registration System, they can do so only in writing, with their signature, the voter’s Florida driver license number, the voter’s Florida identification card number, or the last four digits of the voter’s social security number, which can be faxed or emailed to the Supervisor of Elections. 

 

For more information visit http://dos.myflorida.com/elections/for-voters/voting/vote-by-mail/

If You are in the Military or an Overseas Voter

Absent uniformed service members (and their eligible dependents) and U.S. citizens living outside the U.S. are eligible to vote under the Uniformed and Overseas Absentee Voting Act. They can register to vote online or get step-by-step assistance and forms at http://www.fvap.gov/. Military and Overseas voters can both register to vote and request a ballot using the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA).  Military and overseas voters may request a ballot by telephone, mail, email, or fax, and may choose to receive the blank ballot by mail, email, or fax. Voted ballots must be returned by mail, or by fax – fax return is only for voters who are outside of the US, not stateside. See more information here

Vote-by-mail ballots cast by uniformed and overseas voters during a presidential preference primary or general election must be postmarked or dated no later than Election Day and received by the Supervisor of Elections no later than ten (10) days after election day. 

A military or Vote-by-Mail voter who makes a timely ballot request but does not receive a ballot may use the emergency federal write-in Military absentee ballot for any state, federal, or local election. This is available online at the Federal Voter Assistance Program. A military or overseas voter who submits an emergency write in ballot but later receives their official ballot in the mail may complete the official ballot and should make “every reasonable effort” to inform the supervisor of elections that they are submitting a second ballot. If the official ballot is received on time, the write-in ballot will be invalidated and the official ballot will be counted. Military and overseas voters may check the status of their ballot or with their county’s Supervisor of Elections. 

Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot

If you are an absent stateside or overseas uniformed services personnel or spouse or dependent absent because of the uniformed services personnel or an overseas U.S. citizen, you can use the emergency back-up ballot known as the Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot (FWAB).  It can be used to vote in any election for federal office and any state or local election. FWAB ballots and directions can be found at https://www.fvap.gov/uploads/FVAP/Forms/fwab2013.pdf.

If You Have Moved Within Your State

Moving within the Same County

The voter may cast a regular ballot at their NEW polling place after completing an address change verification form or new voter registration form. This may be done at the NEW polling place.

 

Moving Between Counties

 

If the voter’s NEW county uses an electronic poll book, or if the voter is an active uniformed services voter (or member of a service-member’s family), the voter may cast a regular ballot at their NEW polling place after completing an address change verification at the NEW polling place. In all other circumstances, the voter must vote a provisional ballot at the correct precinct in their NEW county.  A voter should NOT be directed to the polling place for their previous residence address. 

 

If You Are in the Military or Are an Overseas Voter

 

Absent uniformed service members (and their eligible dependents) and U.S. citizens living outside the U.S. are eligible to vote under the Uniformed and Overseas Absentee Voting Act. They can register to vote online or get step-by-step assistance and forms at http://www.fvap.gov/. Military and Overseas voters can both register to vote and request a ballot using the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA) at https://www.fvap.gov/uploads/FVAP/Forms/fpca2013.pdf.  Military and overseas voters may request a ballot by telephone, mail, email, or fax, and may choose to receive the blank ballot by mail, email, or fax. Voted ballots must be returned by mail, or by fax – fax return is only for voters who are outside of the US, not stateside. See more information at https://www.fvap.gov/guide/chapter2/florida

Vote-by-mail ballots cast by uniformed and overseas voters during a presidential preference primary or general election must be postmarked or dated no later than Election Day and received by the Supervisor of Elections no later than ten (10) days after election day. 

A military or Vote-by-Mail voter who makes a timely ballot request but does not receive a ballot may use the emergency federal write-in Military absentee ballot for any state, federal, or local election. This is available online at https://www.fvap.gov/fwab-privacy-notice or as a pdf at https://www.fvap.gov/uploads/FVAP/Forms/fwab.pdf. A military or overseas voter who submits an emergency write in ballot but later receives their official ballot in the mail may complete the official ballot and should make “every reasonable effort” to inform the supervisor of elections that they are submitting a second ballot. If the official ballot is received on time, the write-in ballot will be invalidated and the official ballot will be counted. Military and overseas voters may check the status of their ballot at https://registration.elections.myflorida.com/CheckVoterStatus or with their county’s Supervisor of Elections.

If You Have a Felony Conviction

A felony conviction for murder or a sexual offense makes a person ineligible to vote in Florida unless and until the person’s right to vote is restored by the State Clemency Board. For any other felony conviction, a person is eligible to vote if the person has completed all terms of their sentence, including: prison or jail time; parole or probation, etc.; and payment of the total amount of all fines, fees, costs, and restitution ordered as part of the felony sentence.

  • Persons who have unpaid fines, fees, or restitution associated with their felony convictions are not eligible to vote.

 

  • Persons who are on parole or probation are not eligible to vote.

 

  • Persons who do not have unpaid fines, fees, or restitution associated with their felony convictions are eligible to vote.  

 

  • Persons who do not know if they have unpaid fines, fees, or restitution associated with their felony convictions can request this information from:

 

  • The clerk of the court in the jurisdiction(s) in which you were convicted, whether that is a circuit court in Florida, a court in another state, or a federal court; and/or

 

  • The Florida Division of Elections — You can write a letter to the Florida Division of Elections making a Request for an Advisory Opinion containing:

 

  • the amount of any fines, fees, or restitution that must be paid to make them eligible to vote;

 

  • an explanation of how the amount was calculated; and 

 

  • which entities they are responsible for providing payment to and the amount, and mail it to:

 

Florida Department of State, Division of Elections

Director’s Office

Room 316, R. A. Gray Building

500 South Bronough Street

Tallahassee, FL 32399-0250

 

  • Note that the Florida Division of Elections may not respond to inquiries in a timely fashion, and the voter should not rely on their non-response as an indication that they do not have any outstanding fines, fees, or restitution.

 

  • Persons with a felony conviction in another state are ineligible to vote in Florida if the conviction would make the person ineligible to vote in either Florida or the state where the person was convicted.

 

 

Be aware that even if a person’s application to register to vote has not been rejected, this does not mean that they are permitted to either register or vote.  Election officials are not providing much in the way of guidance and are not screening new voter registration applications for this issue.

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