For more information, visit the Kansas Secretary of State’s website.
Last updated: October 2020
The polls must be open from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. (in the Central Time Zone) or 6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. (in the Mountain Time Zone) on Election Day.**
**Different hours for opening and closing of polling places may be set and publicly announced by your county election official, so long as the polls are open for at least 12 continuous hours.
Kansas offers advance voting in person or by mail for voters wishing to vote early.
How to Find Your Polling Place
You can determine a voter’s proper polling place by checking the “Vote Kansas” website.
The deadline to register to vote for any election in Kansas is 21 days prior to that election. The deadline to register to vote for the November 2020 General Election is October 13, 2020. Voters must deliver or ensure that an application is postmarked by that date.
Certain recently discharged military personnel and their spouses and dependents may be able to register after this deadline.
How to Check Your Registration
You can determine whether a voter is registered to vote by checking the Kansas Secretary of State’s “Vote Kansas” website.
Registration Eligibility: In order to be eligible to register in Kansas, you must:
- Be a resident of Kansas;
- Be at least 18 years old on or before Election Day;
- Be a citizen of the United States;
- Not be barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction and have received final discharge from imprisonment, parole, or conditional release if convicted of a felony; and
- Not have been declared disqualified by a Kansas court of law.
There is no length of residency requirement in Kansas, but a person must be registered 21 days before the election and must be a resident at the time of registration.
How to Register:
Kansas residents may register in person, by mail, or online.
In order to register to vote online, you must have either a Kansas Driver’s License or a Non-Driver’s Identification Card. Applicants can apply to register on the Secretary of State’s website.
2. Mail, Fax, or In Person
In order to register by mail, you must obtain a mail-in registration form by:
- Downloading a mail-in form from the Secretary of State’s website; or
- Picking up a form at your county election office, Secretary of State’s office, or other various sites around the state (including many banks, grocery stores, libraries, city offices, and certain public events such as county and state fairs); and
- Returning the fully completed application to your county election office. County addresses are listed on the back of the application.
Identification Required for Registration: Voters may register by mail without identification, but they must provide a form of identification when they vote at the polls on Election Day.
To register online, a voter must verify that they have a valid driver’s license or nondriver’s identification card. The registration application requires the following:
- Current Kansas driver’s license number; or
- Nondriver’s identification card number
If he/she does not have either of the numbers listed above, the voter must register by mail, fax, or in person and should provide the last four digits of his or her Social Security number in the appropriate box on the form. If the voter does not have a Social Security number, the voter should write “none” in the appropriate box.
Any registered voter is eligible to vote early (i.e., by “advance vote”) in Kansas. Early voting can occur either in person or by mail. Applications can be returned by mail, by fax, or in person until October 27, 2020 for the November 3, 2020 general election. County election officials will transmit advance voting ballots not more than twenty days before the election to those voters who request them. A voter who mails in an advance voting ballot must ensure that it is postmarked on or before election day and received in the county election office by the close of business on the Friday following the election.
Early in-person voting begins in every county no later than the Tuesday before Election Day and ends at noon the day before Election Day, but some counties may begin in-person voting up to twenty days before the election. For the November 3, 2020 general election, early in-person voting closes at 12:00pm on November 2, 2020.
Receiving and Casting an Absentee Ballot
Advance ballots are mailed to voters starting 20 days before the election and must be post marked on or before Election Day and received no later than the close of business on the Friday after the election. Voters can also hand-deliver their advance ballot to the county election office or polling locations within their county by the close of polls on Election Day, but voters should contact their county election office to confirm locations where ballots may be dropped or delivered.
For the first time in 2020, voters can track the status of their advance by mail ballot application and advance by mail ballot online here.
Identification Requirements to Cast a Ballot
To vote in person, a Kansas voter must show a valid form of photo identification. Exceptions include: (1) persons with a permanent physical disability that makes it impossible to travel to a county or state office to obtain a qualifying form of identification and who have qualified for permanent advance voting status; (2) members of active duty uniformed service, merchant marine, or their spouses or dependents, who by reason of such active duty or service, are absent from the country on election day; and (3) any voter who transmits a declaration to the chief county election official or Secretary of State stating that their religious beliefs prohibit photographic identification.
Valid forms of identification include:
- Driver’s license or nondriver’s identification card issued by Kansas or another state or district of the United States;
- Concealed carry of handgun license issued by Kansas or a concealed carry of handgun or weapon license issued by another state or district of the United States;
- US passport;
- Employee badge or ID document issued by a municipal, county, state, or federal government office or agency;
- US military ID document;
- Student ID card issued by accredited postsecondary education institution in Kansas;
- Public assistance ID card issued by a municipal, county, state, or federal government office or agency; or
- Indian tribe ID card.
An ID listed above is valid if it contains the name and photograph of the voter and has not expired. Licenses that expired between March 12 to September 15 now have a December 31 deadline to renew pursuant to Kansas Executive Order 20-55. Thus, pursuant to Executive Order 20-55, voters may use these driver’s licenses as identification for voting. In addition, expired documents are valid for voters who are 65 years of age or older.
If the voter is unable or refuses to provide current and valid photo identification, or if the voter’s name and address do not match the voter’s name and address on the registration book or poll book, the voter may vote by provisional ballot. The voter is then required to provide a valid form of identification to the county election officer in person or provide a copy by mail or electronic means to the county election office in the county where the voter is registered before the meeting of the county board of canvassers, which is generally held on the morning of the Monday following the election. (At the meeting of the county board of canvassers the county election officer shall present copies of identification received from provisional voters and the corresponding provisional ballots. If the county board of canvassers determines that the voter’s identification is valid and the provisional ballot was properly cast, the ballot will be counted.)
Additionally, Kansas photo ID requirements do not apply to military and overseas citizens who vote under the federal Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA).
If a voter has moved to a new address, the voter should update their registration information with the Office of the Secretary of State through mail, online, or automatically when their driver’s license information is changed. If a voter did not update their registration information, the answer to this question depends on where the voter moved. Refer to the table below:
|Moved within the same precinct||Moved to a different precinct but within the same county||Moved to a different county|
|A voter who moved to a new address within the same precinct should update their registration information as soon as possible.
A voter who moved within the same precinct within 30 days of the election should vote at the polling place associated with their old address. Voters will be required to complete a new voter registration card at the polling place.
A voter who moved within the same precinct more than 30 days before the election, to a different address from that shown in the registration book may vote a provisional ballot at the polling place for the voter’s current address or at a central location determined by the county election official, after completing a new registration card.
|A voter who moved to a new precinct within the same county should update their registration information as soon as possible.
A voter who moved less than 30 days before the election may vote in the precinct of their old residence upon making an affidavit stating the voter’s old and new addresses, the date of the move, and that the voter has not yet voted in the election.
A voter who moved within the same county, more than 30 days before the election, to a different address from that shown in the registration book may vote a provisional ballot at the voter’s new polling place or at a central location determined by the chief county election official, after completing a new registration card.
|A voter who moved to a different county should update their registration information as soon as possible.
A voter who moved less than 30 days before the election may vote in the precinct of his or her old residence upon making an affidavit stating the voter’s old and new addresses, the date of the move, and that the voter has not yet voted in the election.
A voter who moved to a different county more than 30 days before the election without re-registering will not have their vote counted. Kansas protocol is to issue a provisional ballot to such a voter, in reliance on the general provision governing voters whose names do not appear in the registration book, but provisional ballots cast in this circumstance are not counted.
Documents are being updated.