Montana

Upcoming Elections

2021-11-01 – Ballot Request Deadline

Mon Nov 1, 2021 12:00PM MDT

2022-10-11 – In Person Absentee Ballot Voting From

Tue Oct 11, 2022

2022-10-11 – Registration Deadline (Postmarked by)

Postmarked by Tue Oct 11, 2022

2022-10-13 – Registration Deadline (Post received by)

Post received by Thu Oct 13, 2022

2022-11-07 – In Person Absentee Ballot Voting To

Mon Nov 7, 2022

2022-11-08 – Ballot Return Deadline (In-Person – Received by)

In-Person, Received by Tue Nov 8, 2022 8:00PM MST

2022-11-08 – Registration Deadline (Election Day Registration & Voting)

Election Day Registration & Voting Tue Nov 8, 2022 8:00PM MST

Last updated: March 2022

Voting in Montana

When You Can Vote

Election Day

Poll hours of operation vary.  Most polling places open at 7:00 a.m. and close at 8 p.m.  Polling places with fewer than 400 registered voters may open from noon at the latest to the earlier of 8:00 p.m. or until all registered voters in the precinct have voted.  Contact your local elections official for exact times (https://sosmt.gov/Portals/142/Elections/Forms/electionadministrators.pdf).

Where You Can Vote

How to Find Your Polling Place:

Visit the Secretary of State’s My Vote Tool (https://app.mt.gov/voterinfo/) to find your polling place. 

Your voter registration card lists the location of your neighborhood polling place.  If you’ve misplaced your card, call your local elections office (https://sosmt.gov/Portals/142/Elections/Forms/electionadministrators.pdf) to find out where to vote.

Registering to Vote

Registration Deadlines

  • For registration deadlines, see How to Register below.

How to Check Your Registration: Voters can determine whether they are registered to vote at the following link: Am I Registered?.

You are eligible to vote in Montana if you:

  • Are a U.S citizen
  • Are a resident of Montana
  • Are at least 18 years old by Election Day
  • Have been a state resident for at least 29 days prior to the election

If you have lived in Montana for 30 days, you are eligible to vote in Federal Election. You need not have lived within the same precinct (or even the same county) for 30 days prior to the election. You can vote one last time under the old address, or register and vote under the new address (applicable to regular and late registration deadlines and procedures).

You are NOT eligible to vote in Montana if:

  • You have been legally declared “mentally incompetent” by a court
  • You are in prison or detention or jail or penal institution

How to register 

  • Montana State General Election
    • Submit a Printed Application: Postmarked by Tue Oct 11, 2022
    • Post received by Thu Oct 13, 2022
    • In Person: Election Day Registration & Voting Tue Nov 8, 2022 8:00PM MST

Identification Required for Registration: 

To verify your identity, you may provide a Montana driver’s license, a Montana ID Card, Last Four Digits of Social Security Number, a Military ID card, a Tribal ID card, a United States Passport, or a Montana Concealed Carry Permit.  

If you do not have any listed above, provide (in-person) or enclose (by mail) a copy of a photo ID with your name with one of the following:

  • A current utility bill;
  • A Bank statement;
  • A Paycheck;
  • A Government check; or
  • Other government document that shows your name and current address.
Voting Early & by Absentee Ballot

If You Want to Vote Absentee, requests may be made:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail
  • By Fax
  • By Email

Absentee Ballots may be returned:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail
Montana State General Election

Ballot Request:

  • Mon Nov 1, 2021 12:00PM MDT

Ballot Return:

  • In-Person, Received by Tue Nov 8, 2022 8:00PM MST

If You Want to Vote Early:

Montana does not have traditional early voting, but you can cast an in-person absentee ballot starting no later than 30 days before the Primary Election Day and 25 days prior to the Primary Election Day for mailing ballots.  You can find more information about absentee voting below.

If You Want to Vote Absentee:

If you are a registered voter in Montana, you may also vote by absentee ballot, even if you are able to vote in person on Election Day.  No reason is required to vote absentee.

To vote absentee, you may complete the Application for Absentee Ballot (https://sosmt.gov/Portals/142/Elections/Forms/Application-for-Absentee-Ballot.pdf?dt=1523473411709).  On the application, you may opt to be placed on an absentee list to receive absentee ballots for future elections. 

Applications for an absentee ballot must be RECEIVED (postmark does not count) at the local county election office by noon on the day before Election Day.  You may pick up an application at your local election office (https://sosmt.gov/Portals/142/Elections/Forms/electionadministrators.pdf) or at the Secretary of State’s Office, or you may call either office and ask to have an application mailed to you.  You may also download a free application (https://sosmt.gov/wp-content/uploads/Application-for-Absentee-Ballot.pdf).  Mail the application or drop it off at your local election office.  Once you’ve submitted your application, your absentee ballot will be mailed to you, unless you put on the application that you would prefer to have someone pick it up for you.

Once you’ve marked your ballot and signed the affirmation on the signature envelope, return it to your county elections office before the polls close on Election Day in the secrecy envelope that is provided. The ballot must be RECEIVED by the county elections office by 8:00 pm on Election Day (postmark does not count).You may track the status of your absentee ballot at the Montana Secretary of State’s “My Voter Page” website (https://app.mt.gov/voterinfo/).

Identification Requirements

Voter Registration

To register to vote in Montana you should provide one of the following:

  • Last Four Digits of your Social Security Number
  • Your Montana Driver’s License Number
  • Montana ID Card
  • Valid Military ID
  • Valid Tribal ID
  • U.S. Passport
  • Concealed Carry Permit

If you do not have any of these IDs, you must provide a copy of a valid photo ID together with one of the following with your registration application:

  • Government Issued Document that shows your current name and address
  • Utility Bill
  • Government Check
  • Bank Statement
  • Paycheck that Shows your Current Name and Address

Voting In-Person

If you are registered to vote in Montana, you are required to show ID to vote. Accepted forms of ID include:

  • Valid Montana Driver’s License
  • Montana ID Card
  • Valid Military ID
  • Valid Tribal ID
  • Valid US Passport
  • Concealed Carry Permit

If you do not have an ID from the above list, bring a valid photo ID together with at least one of the following additional documents:

  • Current Utility Bill
  • Paycheck that Shows your Name and Address
  • A Government Issued Document that shows your Current Name and Address
  • Bank Statement
  • Government Check
  • Voter notification or confirmation card

If you cannot produce any of these requested ID documents, contact your County Election Office about provisional voting.

Your provisional ballot will be counted if you provide one of the items from the list above that can prove your identification to the county elections office by 5:00 p.m. the day after Election Day, or mail it to the county elections office postmarked by the day after Election Day.

If You Have Moved Within Your State

Moving within the Same County:

You are entitled to cast a regular vote at the polling place, an absentee ballot, or a mail ballot in the precinct where you are registered.  However, you may only do this for the first election after your move.  Furthermore, you must state your new address when offering to vote, and must complete a transfer form or new registration form to make the necessary correction before being allowed to vote in a polling place election.

Moving Between Counties:

You must re-register in your new county of residence in order to vote.  However, if you have moved to a different county 30 days or less before an election you may (i) vote in person or by absentee ballot in the precinct and county where previously registered; or (ii) update the elector’s registration information through regular or late voter registration and vote in your new county of residence.

If You are in the Military or are an Overseas Voter

Voting Military

Service members and their dependents may register and request a ballot using the federal voter registration/ballot request form (“FPCA”). You will have the following identification options when completing the form:

  • U.S. State or Territory or District Issued ID
  • Option to Indicate that you do not have the Requested ID
  • Last 4 Digits of your Social Security Number

Voting Overseas

U.S. citizens living overseas may register and request a ballot using the overseas voter registration/ballot request form. You will have the following identification options when completing the form:

  • U.S. State or Territory or District Issued ID
  • Option to Indicate that you do not have the Requested ID
  • Last 4 Digits of your Social Security Number

Registering and Requesting an Absentee Ballot:

Registering to vote and requesting absentee ballots in Montana is easy for absent active duty military and overseas electors.  You can register and vote using the Secretary of State’s Electronic Absentee System (EAS) by going to https://www.vote4montana.us.  Effective October 1, 2019, military and overseas voters can use digital signature (issued by the U.S. Department of Defense) for a federal postcard application, an application for voter registration, a request for an absentee ballot or the voter’s marked ballot.

Within 46 days of a Federal Primary or Federal General election, absent active duty military and overseas electors can visit the Secretary of State’s Electronic Absentee Service (EAS) at https://www.vote4montana.us, fill out the Federal Post Card Application online, save it and return it via mail, email or fax to the county election office.

Outside of 46 days before a Federal Primary or Federal General election,  use the Federal Voting Assistance Program at: www.fvap.gov to submit the Federal Post Card Application ().  This form is used both for voter registration and to request absentee ballots for all the state and local elections through the calendar year following the year in which it is requested. 

You can submit it by doing the following:

  • Print a Federal Post Card Application form, fill it out and mail it to the local election office; or
  • Before you leave for active duty or move overseas, visit your local election office on weekdays between the hours of 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. and complete and submit a Federal Post Card Application form.

You can get more information about the FVAP at www.fvap.gov or 1-800-438-VOTE (8683).

Receiving an Absentee Ballot:

Within 46 days of the General Election, absent active duty military and overseas electors can visit the Secretary of State’s Electronic Absentee Service (EAS) at https://www.vote4montana.us, fill out the Federal Post Card Application online, save it and return it via mail, email or fax to the county election office.

Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot:

If you requested your absentee ballot and haven’t received it from your State at least 30 days before Election Day, you can mark an electronic ballot using the Secretary of State’s EAS system within 46 days of a federal election. Or contact the county election office for assistance or use the Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot (FWAB), whichis an emergency backup ballot.  This backup ballot can be completed using the FWAB online assistant https://www.fvap.gov/fwab-privacy-notice), by filling out the PDF (https://www.fvap.gov/r3/fwab/state) or picking up a hard copy version from your Voting Assistance Officer.  The online assistant will guide you through the process of completing the form.  Once you complete the form, you will be able to download and print the PDF package to sign and send to your election office.  This PDF package even includes a pre-addressed and postage paid label so you don’t have to worry about finding stamps. Don’t forget a security envelope.  (Use a separate blank envelope and write “Security Envelope” on it and place your voted ballot in it.  This keeps your vote private.)

If You Have a Felony Conviction

You cannot vote if you’re a convicted felon serving a sentence in a penal institution.  Formerly convicted felons who have been released from the penal institution, but are serving parole or probation are able to register and vote.  If your registration is cancelled due to a felony conviction, you must re-register upon your release in order to vote.

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Questions about voting in Montana?

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