Last Updated: October 2020
Election Day: Polls are open from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. local time on Election Day—November 3, 2020.
Early Voting: Texas has early in-person voting and early voting by mail.
- Early In-Person Voting: Any registered voter is eligible for early in-person voting. The early in-person voting period for the 2020 General Election begins on October 13, 2020 and ends on October 30, 2020. Early in-person voting poll hours vary by location.
- Early Voting By Mail: Only certain voters are eligible for early voting by mail.
For more information, see “Voting Early & by Mail-In Ballot.”
How to Find Your Polling Place:
Visit the Texas Secretary of State’s web page to find your polling location for Election Day or early in-person voting. On this page, you will be able to look up your election information (including polling place) using your person information (name, date of birth, county, and zip code or, alternatively, Texas driver’s license number and date of birth or VUID (Voter Unique Identified) and date of birth).
Registration Deadlines: You must register 30 days before Election Day. For the 2020 General Election, the deadline to register to vote is October 5, 2020.
Texas does not have same-day registration—i.e., you cannot register to vote on the day of the election.
How to Check Your Registration: Use Texas’ Registrant Search website or call the Voter Registrar’s Office in the county where you reside. On this page, you will be able to look up your election information (including polling place) using your person information (name, date of birth, county, and zip code or, alternatively, Texas driver’s license number and date of birth or VUID (Voter Unique Identifier) and date of birth).
Registration Eligibility: In order to be eligible to register in Texas, you must:
- Be a citizen of the United States;
- Be a resident of Texas;
- Be at least 17 years and 10 months old at the time of registration; and
- Not have a final conviction for a felony.
- If convicted of a felony you must satisfy one of the following:
- Voter’s sentence (including any term of incarceration, parole, probation, or supervision) are fully completed; or
- Voter was pardoned.
- Not have a declaration of mental incapacity or partial declaration of mental incapacity that prohibits you from voting.
How to Register: Texas residents may register by mail, in-person, or by fax. Voters cannot register to vote online.
Register to Vote: Register by Mail: To register by mail, you can obtain a voter registration application form by one of the following ways:
- Download, print, and sign a voter registration form from the Texas Secretary of State’s online application;
- Request a form from your local election office (the county Voter Registrar’s Office);
- Pick up an application from libraries, government offices, post offices, Texas Department of Public Safety offices, universities, or high schools;
- Request a postage-paid application to be sent to you by mail from the Texas Secretary of State’s registration form request website; or
- If you are an eligible Texas high school student (in either public or private school), high school principals (or their designee) are required by law to distribute voter registration forms to students on a semi-annual basis. These applications may be collected by the principal or delivered by the student, by mail or in-person, to the county Voter Registrar’s Office. If your high school is not distributing voter registration forms, call the Texas Secretary of State’s office at (800) 252-VOTE.
You must mail the completed and signed voter registration application to your local Voter Registrar’s Office.
Register to Vote: Register In-Person
- You may register to vote in-person by filling out or delivering a completed and signed application at your Voter Registrar’s Office.
Identification Required for Registration:
Voters should provide one of the following when registering to vote:
- Texas driver’s license number; or
- Personal identification number.
If the voter does not the above identification, the voter must provide:
- The last four digits of their social security number or
- A statement by the voter saying that they do not have a social security number.
Voters must provide a form of identification at the polls on Election Day.
If You Want to Vote Early In-Person
- Early In-Person Voting: Any voter is eligible for Early Voting in-person. For the 2020 General Election, in-person Early Voting begins on October 13, 2020, and ends on October 30, 2020. A voter can find their Early Voting location by checking the Texas Secretary of State’s website or by contacting the Early Voting Clerk in the voter’s county. Polling hours vary for each Early Voting location.
If You Want to Vote Early Using a Mail-In Ballot
You may cast a mail-in ballot if:
- You will be away from your county on Election Day and during Early Voting;
- You are sick enough to prevent you from appearing at the polling place on election day without a likelihood of needing personal assistance or of injuring your health (including bedrest for pregnancy);
- You have a disability;
- You are 65 years of age or older on Election Day; or
- You are confined in jail, but eligible to vote. Voters who are confined in jail can vote if the voter is:
- serving a misdemeanor sentence for a term that ends on or after election day;
- pending trial after denial of bail;
- without bail pending an appeal of a felony conviction; or
- pending trial or appeal on a bailable offense for which release on bail before election day is unlikely.
* Concern about COVID-19 alone does not qualify.
A voter wanting to vote early by mail must submit an application to the Early Voting Clerk by mail, carrier, fax, or e-mail no later than eleven days before the election—for the 2020 General Election mail-in ballot request must be received by the voter’s Early Voting Clerk by October 23, 2020.
The official application for Early Voting by mail is available at the Texas Secretary of State’s website.
Application and Ballot Deadlines:
- Deadline to Request a Mail-in Ballot:
- Voters’ mail-in ballot must be received by their Early Voting Clerk no later than eleven days before the election.
- For the November 3, 2020 General Election: mail-in ballot applications must be received by October 23, 2020.
- Voters’ mail-in ballot must be received by their Early Voting Clerk no later than eleven days before the election.
- Delivery of Completed Mail-in Ballots:
- Voters’ mail-in ballot must be received by their Early Voting Clerk by the time the polls close on Election Day (generally 7:00 PM), if not postmarked. If postmarked by 7 p.m. on Election Day, the mail-in ballot must be received by 5 p.m. the following day (November 4th).
Identification Requirements to Cast a Ballot
If a voter has a valid photo identification, they must present it at the polling place in order to vote.
Acceptable forms of photo ID include:
- Driver’s License issued by Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS);
- Texas personal identification card issued by DPS;
- Texas Election Identification Certificate issued by DPS (please note that EICs are not currently being issued);
- US military identification card with photo;
- US Citizenship Certificate with photo;
- US Passport (book or card); and
- Texas license to carry a handgun issued by DPS.
Except for the U.S. citizenship certificate (which does not expire), the identification must be current or have expired no more than 4 years before being presented for voter qualification at the polling place. If you are 70 years of age or older, you may use a form of identification listed above that has expired for the purposes of voting, if the identification is otherwise valid.
If you cannot reasonably obtain the forms of identification listed above, you may provide a signed document (under oath) stating your reasonable impediment to obtaining photo ID, and present the following:
- A government document that shows your name and an address, including your voter registration certificate;
- One of the following showing the voter’s name and address:
- A copy of a current utility bill;
- A bank statement;
- A government check;
- A paycheck; or
- A certified copy of a domestic birth certificate or other legally admissible document confirming birth and establishing the person’s identity.
If you have ID or one of the above alternatives, you will receive a regular ballot. If you have an acceptable ID but have not brought it, you may vote provisionally. You will then have six (6) days to present a photo ID listed above to the county voter registrar. You can also receive a provisional ballot based on a natural disaster (as declared by the president or the governor) or religious objection to being photographed affidavit.
For the November 3, 2020 General Election: Voters should update their registration address on the Texas Secretary of State Voter Registrar website by October 5, 2020.
If you have not updated your address, but moved within the same county and same voting precinct, you may still cast a regular ballot by following two steps:
- Vote at the precinct associated with your old or new address (it will be the same); and
- At the voting precinct, submit a “statement of residence” to the election officer confirming their new address.
If You Moved to a New County:
If you have moved to a different county, you must re-register to vote in your new county. If you have not re-registered in your new county by October 5, 2020, you cannot cast a regular ballot on Election Day. There is a Limited Ballot Option offered during the Early Voting period only. During Early Voting, you can cast a limited ballot in the new county’s main Early Voting polling location, but can only vote on the candidates and measures that are common between your old and new county. If you moved from another state or county in the last 30 days and were registered there, you may vote in the old state or county for President and Vice President only.
Absent uniformed service members (and their eligible dependents) and U.S. citizens living outside of the United States may request a mail-in ballot. For members of the U.S. armed forces, their spouses, and their qualified dependents, the Secretary of State shall provide them with a means of casting their vote via fax or other electronic means.
Registering and Requesting a Mail-In Ballot
Military voters can use the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA) to register to vote and to request a mail-in ballot. The application should be submitted by 11 days before the election (i.e., by October 23, 2020).
Other voters may also get step-by-step assistance and forms at FVAP’s website or Texas Secretary of State’s military or overseas voters page.
Receiving a Mail-In Ballot
Non-military voters may receive their blank mail-in ballots by mail or e-mail.
Returning a Mail-In Ballot
How to Return Mail-in ballot to Early Voting Clerk:
- Hard copy by mail, or common or contract courier (e.g., FedEx or UPS).
- Military voters (including spouses and dependents) in hostile fire pay / imminent danger pay / combat zone, may fax their ballot using authorized channels.
- Marked ballots may not be e-mailed under Texas law, regardless of voter’s status.
Deadline to Return Mail-in Ballot:
- Regular deadline: the Early Voting Clerk must receive your marked ballot by 7:00 p.m. on November 3, 2020 (Election Day).
- Deadline for voters voting from overseas location: the Early Voting Clerk must receive your marked ballot by November 9, 2020 (must be postmarked by 7:00 pm on November 3, 2020).
- Deadline for military voters (including spouses or dependents): the Early Voting Clerk must receive your marked ballot by November 9, 2020 (must be postmarked by 7:00 pm on November 3, 2020).
You can track the progress of your FPCA ballot here.
Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot
The Federal Write-in Absentee Ballot (FWAB) is a back-up ballot that can be used by non-military overseas voters. You can also use the FWAB whether you are located inside or outside the United States (including APO and FPO addresses), provided that you are away from your voting residence for service-related activities. You must apply for a regular ballot early enough for your local election officials (the county Voter Registrar’s Office) to receive the request at least 5 days before the election. If you do not receive your regular ballot in time, you may use the FWAB. Your FWAB must be received by your local voting officials in Texas no later than noon on Election Day. For specific instructions, visit the FVAP’s Texas-specific FWAB page.
A person who has been convicted of a felony cannot vote in Texas unless the person has fully discharged his or her sentence (including any term of incarceration, parole, probation, or supervision) or has been pardoned. If a person regains eligibility to vote, they must re-register.
A person who has been convicted of a misdemeanor or charged with—but not convicted of—a felony (and has not otherwise been convicted of a felony), is not barred from voting.
Documents are being updated.