Texas

Upcoming Elections

2022-10-11 – Registration Deadline (Received by)

Received by Tue Oct 11, 2022

2022-10-24 – Early Voting Starts

Mon Oct 24, 2022

2022-10-28 – Ballot Request Deadline (Received by)

Received by Fri Oct 28, 2022

2022-11-04 – Early Voting Ends

Fri Nov 4, 2022

2022-11-08 – Ballot Return Deadline (Postmarked by)

Postmarked by Tue Nov 8, 2022 7:00PM

2022-11-10 – Ballot Return Deadline (Post received by)

Post received by Thu Nov 10, 2022 12:00PM

Last Updated: April 2022

Voting in Texas

When You Can Vote

Election Day: Polls are open from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. local time on Election Day

Early Voting: Texas has early in-person voting and early voting by mail.  

  • Early In-Person Voting: Any registered voter is eligible for early in-person voting. Early in-person voting poll hours vary by location.
  • Early Voting By Mail: Only certain voters are eligible for early voting by mail. 

For more information, see “Voting Early & by Mail-In Ballot.”

Where You Can Vote

How to Find Your Polling Place:

Visit the Texas Secretary of State’s website to find your polling location for Election Day or early in-person voting. On this page, you will be able to look up your election information (including polling place) using your personal information (name, date of birth, county, and zip code or, alternatively, Texas driver’s license number and date of birth or VUID (Voter Unique Identified) and date of birth).

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

Registering to Vote

Registration Deadlines

  • The voter registration deadline for the Texas State General Election is Received by Tue Oct 11, 2022.

How to Check Your Registration: Voters can determine whether they are registered to vote at the following link: Am I Registered?.

You are eligible to vote in Texas if you:

  • Are a U.S citizen
  • Are a resident of Texas
  • Are at least 18 years old by Election Day

You are NOT eligible to vote in Texas if:

  • You have been legally declared “mentally incompetent” by a court
  • You are on parole for a felony conviction or convicted of a felony

Restorative Requirements

  • If you have completed a felony sentence, including any term of incarceration, parole, supervision, period of probation, or you have been pardoned, then you are immediately eligible to register to vote

You may preregister to vote in Texas

  • as of 2 months prior to your 18th birthday

How to register 

  • Texas State General Election
    • Submit an Application: Received by Tue Oct 11, 2022

Texas residents may register by mail, in-person, or by fax. Voters cannot register to vote online.

Register to Vote: Register by Mail: To register by mail, you can obtain a voter registration application form by one of the following ways:

  • Download, print, and sign a voter registration form from the Texas Secretary of State’s online application;
  • Request a form from your local election office (the county Voter Registrar’s Office);
  • Pick up an application from libraries, government offices, post offices, Texas Department of Public Safety offices, Texas Health and Human Services Commission offices, or high schools;
  • Request a postage-paid application to be sent to you by mail from the Texas Secretary of State’s registration form request website; or
  • If you are an eligible Texas high school student (in either public or private school), high school principals (or their designee) are required by law to distribute voter registration forms to students on a semi-annual basis. These applications may be collected and delivered by the principal (or his or her designee) or delivered by the student, by mail or in-person, to the county Voter Registrar’s Office. If your high school is not distributing voter registration forms, call the Texas Secretary of State’s office at (800) 252-VOTE.

You must mail the completed and signed voter registration application to your local Voter Registrar’s Office.

Register to Vote: Register In-Person

  • You may register to vote in-person by filling out or delivering a completed and signed application at your Voter Registrar’s Office.

Identification Required for Registration:

Voters should provide one of the following when registering to vote: 

  • Texas driver’s license number; or
  • Texas personal identification number. 

If the voter does not the above identification, the voter must provide:

  • The last four digits of their social security number or
  • A statement by the voter saying that they do not have a social security number.  

Voters must provide a form of identification at the polls on Election Day.

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

Voting Early & by Mail-In Ballot

If You Want to Vote Absentee, requests may be made:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail
  • By Fax
  • By Email

Absentee Ballots may be returned:

  • By Mail
Texas State General Election

Ballot Request:

  • Received by Fri Oct 28, 2022

Ballot Return:

  • Postmarked by Tue Nov 8, 2022 7:00PM
  • Post received by Thu Nov 10, 2022 12:00PM

Early Voting:

  • Early Voting from Mon Oct 24, 2022 to Fri Nov 4, 2022

If You Want to Vote Early In-Person

If You Want to Vote Early Using a Mail-In Ballot 

You may only cast a mail-in ballot if:

  • You will be away from your county on Election Day and during Early Voting;
  • You have a sickness or disability that prevents you from appearing at the polling place on election day without a likelihood of needing personal assistance or of injuring your health (including bedrest for pregnancy); 
  • You are expected to give birth within three weeks before or after Election Day;
  • You are 65 years of age or older on Election Day; 
  • You are confined in jail, but eligible to vote. Voters who are confined in jail can vote if the voter is:
  • serving a misdemeanor sentence for a term that ends on or after election day;
  • pending trial after denial of bail;
  • without bail pending an appeal of a felony conviction; or
  • pending trial or appeal on a bailable offense for which release on bail before election day is unlikely.

* Concern about COVID-19 alone does not qualify.

A voter wanting to vote early by mail must submit an application to their county’s Early Voting Clerk by mail, carrier, fax, or e-mail no later than eleven days before the election.

The official application for Early Voting by mail is available at the Texas Secretary of State’s website.

IMPORTANT: New Instructions for Mail-in Ballot Application 

  • Voters must include one of the following IDs that is associated with their voter registration record:
    • Texas Driver’s License Number or
    • Texas Personal Identification Number or
    • Election Identification Number (not the VUID)
    • If a voter has none of the above, they must provide the last 4 digits of their Social Security Number. 
    • If a voter has been issued one of the numbers above, but it has not been associated with their voter registration, they must contact the local registrar to learn how to add it.
    • If a voter has not been issued any of the required numbers, they should check that box.
  • Delivery of Completed Mail-in Ballots: 

Voters’ mail-in ballot must be received by their Early Voting Clerk by the time the polls close on Election Day (generally 7:00 PM), if not postmarked. If postmarked by 7 p.m. on Election Day, the mail-in ballot must be received by 5 p.m. the next day.

Identification Requirements

Voter Registration

To register to vote in Texas you should provide:

  • Your Texas Driver’s License or State/non-driver ID Number

If you do not have these IDs, you may provide:

  • Last Four Digits of your Social Security Number

If you do not have a Texas Driver’s License, Texas ID or Social Security number and need help getting ID, go to www.voteriders.org

Voting In-Person

In Texas, you need to show a valid ID to vote. You can use any ID from this list:

  • Texas Election Identification Certificate
  • Valid Texas Voter ID Card with Photo
  • Citizenship Certificate with photo
  • Valid Military ID
  • Valid Texas Driver’s License
  • License to Carry Concealed Weapon or Firearm
  • Valid US Passport
  • Texas Personal ID

With the exception of citizenship certificate, ID must be current or have expired no more than four years prior to Election Day. If you do not have one of the Texas valid IDs and need help getting ID, go to www.voteriders.org.

If you do not have an ID from the above list, in Texas additional, acceptable forms of ID include:

  • Voter Registration Card
  • Current Utility Bill or Pay Check or Bank Statement
  • Government Check
  • Birth Certificate

To use these supporting forms of ID, you will be required to execute a Reasonable Impediment Declaration.

Except for the U.S. citizenship certificate (which does not expire), the identification must be current or have expired no more than 4 years before being presented for voter qualification at the polling place. If you are 70 years of age or older, you may use a form of identification listed above that has expired for the purposes of voting, if the identification is otherwise valid. 

If you cannot reasonably obtain the forms of identification listed above, you may provide a signed document (under oath) stating your reasonable impediment to obtaining photo ID, and present the following: 

  • A government document that shows your name and an address, including your voter registration certificate;
  • One of the following showing the voter’s name and address:
    • A copy of a current utility bill; 
    • A bank statement; 
    • A government check; 
    • A paycheck; or
  • A certified copy of a domestic birth certificate or other legally admissible document confirming birth and establishing the person’s identity.

If you have an ID or one of the above alternatives, you will receive a regular ballot. If you have an acceptable ID but have not brought it, you may vote provisionally. You will then have six (6) days to present a photo ID listed above to the county voter registrar. You can also receive a provisional ballot based on a natural disaster (as declared by the president or the governor) or religious objection to being photographed affidavit.
Election Identification Certificates (EIC) are available from DPS driver license offices during regular business hours.

If You Moved Within the Same County and Same Voting Precinct

Voters should update their registration address on the Texas Secretary of State Voter Registrar website by the registration deadline.

If you have not updated your address, but moved within the same county and same voting precinct, you may still cast a regular ballot by following two steps:

  • Vote at the precinct associated with your old or new address (it will be the same); and
  • At the voting precinct, submit a “statement of residence” to the election officer confirming their new address.

If You Moved to a New County :If you have moved to a different county, you must re-register to vote in your new county. If you have not re-registered in your new county by the registration deadline, you cannot cast a regular ballot on Election Day. There is a Limited Ballot Option offered during the Early Voting period only. During Early Voting, you can cast a limited ballot in the new county’s main Early Voting polling location, but can only vote on the candidates and measures that are common between your old and new county. If you moved from another state or county in the last 30 days and were registered there, you may vote in the old state or county for President and Vice President only. 

If you are in the Military or are an Overseas Voter

Voting Military

Service members and their dependents may register and request a ballot using the federal voter registration/ballot request form (“FPCA”). You will have the following identification options when completing the form:

  • U.S. State or Territory or District Issued ID
  • Option to Indicate that you do not have the Requested ID
  • Last 4 Digits of your Social Security Number

Voting Overseas

U.S. citizens living overseas may register and request a ballot using the overseas voter registration/ballot request form. You will have the following identification options when completing the form:

  • U.S. State or Territory or District Issued ID
  • Option to Indicate that you do not have the Requested ID
  • Last 4 Digits of your Social Security Number

Absent uniformed service members (and their eligible dependents) and U.S. citizens living outside of the United States may request a mail-in ballot. For members of the U.S. armed forces, their spouses, and their qualified dependents, the Secretary of State shall provide them with a means of casting their vote via fax or other electronic means.

Registering and Requesting a Mail-In Ballot

Military voters can use the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA) to register to vote and to request a mail-in ballot. The application should be submitted by 11 days before the election 

Other voters may also get step-by-step assistance and forms at FVAP’s website or Texas Secretary of State’s military or overseas voters page.

Receiving a Mail-In Ballot

Non-military voters may receive their blank mail-in ballots by mail or e-mail. 

Returning a Mail-In Ballot

How to Return Mail-in ballot to Early Voting Clerk:

  • Hard copy by mail, or common or contract courier (e.g., FedEx or UPS).
  • Military voters (including spouses and dependents) in hostile fire pay / imminent danger pay / combat zone, may fax their ballot using authorized channels.
  • Marked ballots may not be e-mailed under Texas law, regardless of voter’s status.

Deadline to Return Mail-in Ballot:

  • Regular deadline: the Early Voting Clerk must receive your marked ballot by 7:00 p.m. on Election Day.
  • Deadline for voters voting from overseas location: the Early Voting Clerk must receive your marked ballot by the 5th day after the election (and must be postmarked by 7:00 pm on Election Day).
  • Deadline for military voters (including spouses or dependents): the Early Voting Clerk must receive your marked ballot by the 6th day after the election (and must be postmarked by 7:00 pm on Election Day).

You can track the progress of your FPCA ballot here.

Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot: The Federal Write-in Absentee Ballot (FWAB) is a back-up ballot that can be used by non-military overseas voters. You can also use the FWAB whether you are located inside or outside the United States (including APO and FPO addresses), provided that you are away from your voting residence for service-related activities. You must apply for a regular ballot early enough for your local election officials (the county Voter Registrar’s Office) to receive the request at least 5 days before the election. If you do not receive your regular ballot in time, you may use the FWAB. Your FWAB must be received by your local voting officials in Texas no later than noon on Election Day. For specific instructions, visit the FVAP’s Texas-specific FWAB page.

If You Have a Felony Conviction

A person who has been convicted of a felony cannot vote in Texas unless the person has fully discharged his or her sentence (including any term of incarceration, parole, probation, or supervision) or has been pardoned. If a person regains eligibility to vote, they must re-register. 
A person who has been convicted of a misdemeanor or charged with—but not convicted of—a felony (and has not otherwise been convicted of a felony), is not barred from voting.

Questions about voting in Texas?

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