Vermont

Upcoming Elections

Last Updated: April 2022

Voting in Vermont

When You Can Vote

Polls open between 5 a.m. ET and 10 a.m. ET, depending on the town. All polling places close at 7 p.m. ET. For local polling place hours, please visit the My Voter Page.

Where You Can Vote

A voter is required to go to their specific polling place. To find out the location of the assigned polling place, visit the My Voter Page Polling place lookup tool.

Registering to Vote

Registration Deadlines

  • For registration deadlines, see How to Register below.

How to Check Your Registration: Voters can determine whether they are registered to vote at the following link: Am I Registered?.

You are NOT eligible to vote in Vermont if:

  • You were disqualified from voting due to a court order

You are eligible to vote in Vermont if you:

  • Are a U.S citizen
  • Are a resident of Vermont
  • Are at least 18 years old by Election Day
  • Take, or have previously taken, the Voter’s Oath

People who are incarcerated for any reason can always vote in Vermont.

How to register 

Vermont residents may register to vote online through the Vermont Secretary of State’s Online Voter Registration System (Link: Online Voter Registration System) or by mail, email or drop off at their local clerk’s office using the Vermont Voter Registration Form

Required Documentation

A Vermont resident registering to vote for the first time must include a photocopy of an acceptable form of ID with their registration (valid photo ID (Vermont driver’s license or a U.S. passport), copy of a current utility bill, copy of a current bank statement, or another government document showing the resident’s name and current residential address).

Residency Requirements

Vermont law defines a “resident” as a person who intends to maintain a principal home in the town indefinitely or a specific intent to return there if temporarily absent. Note that residency is based on how many nights a year the voter sleeps in town, if the residence is not their “principal” home. A voter who has more than one home must decide which one is their “principal” home.

Voting Early or by Absentee Ballot

If You Want to Vote Absentee, requests may be made:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail
  • By Fax
  • By Email
  • Online

Absentee Ballots may be returned:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail

Vermont voters can request an early or absentee ballot using the My Voter Page online resource (Link: My Voter Page online resource). When a voter uses this page, their request will instantly be sent to the clerk, who will need to approve it before issuing the voter a ballot.

Absentee ballots must be physically returned to the town clerk and sealed inside the absentee certificate envelope. Please visit this link for a list of Vermont town clerk locations.

Vermont voters can vote early in-person at their town clerk’s office. Please visit this link for a list of Vermont town clerk locations. Voters can also submit their early ballots to any secure drop box provided by the town or city in which the voter is registered. The voter should check with the town clerk’s office to determine if there are drop boxes and where they are located. Voters can also mail their ballots to the town clerk’s office so that it arrives before the polls close on Election Day. Voters can also return their voted ballot at the polling place during voting hours on the day of the election.

There is no ID requirement for early/absentee voters unless the voter is a first-time voter who registered by mail or online (in which case they will need a valid photo ID, a copy of a current utility bill, a copy of a current bank statement, or another government document showing the voter’s name and current residential address).

Absentee ballots for the November general election will be automatically mailed to all active registered voters. Additionally, any voter can request that the town clerk mail them an early absentee ballot.

No excuse or reason is required to vote early/absentee.

Identification Requirements

Voter Registration

To register to vote in Vermont you should provide one of the following:

  • Current and Valid Photo ID
  • Last Four Digits of your Social Security Number
  • Your Vermont Driver’s License Number
  • Your Vermont ID Number

If you are registering to vote for the first time by mail, you will need to provide a copy of a valid ID. Acceptable forms of ID include:

  • Valid Vermont Driver’s License except one issued to an individual that is not a United States citizen
  • Utility Bill, Bank Statement or other Government Document
  • Valid US Passport

Voting In-Person

In Vermont, only first-time voters who have registered by mail have to show ID in order to vote. If you registered when you renewed your drivers license, or as part of a voter registration drive, you will not be required to show ID. If you are voting for the first time or your registration is incomplete, you can use any ID from this list:

  • Valid Vermont Driver’s License
  • Other Government Document
  • Utility Bill
  • Bank Statement

A Vermont resident without a Vermont driver’s license or Social Security number should contact the State Elections Division at (802) 828-2363.

There are no ID requirements for voters casting their ballot by mail or in person unless the voter is a first-time voter who registered by mail or online (in which case they will need a valid photo ID (driver’s license or passport that has not expired), a copy of a current utility bill, a copy of a current bank statement, or another government document showing the voter’s name and current residential address).

Vermont does not have a free ID option solely for voting purposes.

Vermont residents are permitted to vote provisionally, but this is rare. In the case that a person who is not on the voter checklist asserts that they submitted an application prior to the deadline and refuse to complete a new application, or if the voter’s registration application is rejected and the voter disputes that rejection, then they are provided an affidavit to swear to the fact under the pains and penalty of perjury. If they sign the affidavit, then they can vote provisionally at the polling place. No ID is required for Vermont voters to do so, unless they are first time-voters who have registered by mail or in-person.

If You Have Moved Within Your State

If you move within the same municipality, you must provide an affirmation at their previous polling place or new polling place that they have moved within the jurisdiction of the new polling place. Please reference https://mvp.vermont.gov/ to find the correct polling place.

If you move to a different municipality within Vermont, you can vote at the previous polling place for 17 days following the move. After 17 days, the voter must register to vote in the municipality of their new address and vote at the new polling place. 

Voters moving to Vermont may register to vote up to and on Election Day.

If You are in the Military or are an Overseas Voter

Voting Military

Service members and their dependents may register and request a ballot using the federal voter registration/ballot request form (“FPCA”). You will have the following identification options when completing the form:

  • U.S. State or Territory or District Issued ID
  • Option to Indicate that you do not have the Requested ID
  • Last 4 Digits of your Social Security Number

Voting Overseas

U.S. citizens living overseas may register and request a ballot using the overseas voter registration/ballot request form. You will have the following identification options when completing the form:

  • U.S. State or Territory or District Issued ID
  • Option to Indicate that you do not have the Requested ID
  • Last 4 Digits of your Social Security Number

Military and overseas voters can request an absentee ballot through the My Voter Page or by telephone, fax, email, or mail to your town clerk using the Vermont Absentee Ballot Request Form. If you requested through telephone, fax, email, or mail you must provide your email address or fax number. Military and overseas voters must provide either a Vermont-issued ID number or the last 4 digits of your Social Security number.

Ballots must be returned to the town clerk inside the absentee envelope (sent with the ballot) and not by fax or email. For more information regarding voting by absentee ballot, please visit: https://www.fvap.gov/vermont. 

A Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot can be used by military and overseas voters only if the voter has applied for an absentee ballot 30 days before the general election and has not received the ballot in time to meet Vermont’s voting deadlines. Military members must be absent from their voting residence at the time they request the ballot. Other voters must be residing outside of the United States at the time they request the ballot.

If You Have a Felony Conviction

Vermont residents with a criminal record (including those who are currently incarcerated) are eligible to vote in both the primary and general elections.

Questions about voting in Vermont?

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