Alabama

Upcoming Elections

2022-10-24 – Registration Deadline (Online by)

Online by Mon Oct 24, 2022

2022-10-24 – Registration Deadline (Post received by)

Post received by Mon Oct 24, 2022

2022-10-24 – Registration Deadline (Hand Delivered by)

Hand Delivered by Mon Oct 24, 2022

2022-11-01 – Ballot Request Deadline (Post received by)

Post received by Tue Nov 1, 2022

2022-11-03 – Ballot Request Deadline (In-Person – Received by)

In-Person, Received by Thu Nov 3, 2022

2022-11-07 – Ballot Return Deadline (Postmarked by)

Postmarked by Mon Nov 7, 2022

2022-11-07 – Ballot Return Deadline (In-Person – Received by)

In-Person, Received by Mon Nov 7, 2022

2022-11-08 – Ballot Return Deadline (Post received by)

Post received by Tue Nov 8, 2022 12:00PM CST

Last updated: March 2022

Voting in Alabama

When You Can Vote
Alabama State General Election

By Mail

  • Ballot Return Postmarked by Mon Nov 7, 2022
  • Ballot Return Post received by Tue Nov 8, 2022 12:00PM CST
  • Ballot Return In-Person, Received by Mon Nov 7, 2022
  • Ballot Request Post received by Tue Nov 1, 2022
  • Ballot Request In-Person, Received by Thu Nov 3, 2022

In Person

Election Day: Polls are open from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. Central Time.  Chambers and Lee Counties may operate in Central or Eastern time, so a voter should check if applicable.  A voter waiting in the voting room at 7:00 p.m. will be allowed to vote.
Absentee voters may vote in person at the Absentee Election Manager’s office or mailed in, beginning fifty-five days before the election.  Ballots (not applications) must be received by the Absentee Election Manager no later than the day before election day if returned by mail, and by noon on election day if returned by hand.

Where You Can Vote

How to Find your Polling Place: Visit the Alabama Vote’s polling place locator webpage to determine where you vote. https://myinfo.alabamavotes.gov/voterview
County: Alabama law requires a voter to vote in the jurisdiction in which you reside (usually county).  The must cast their vote in, or register for their absentee ballot with, that authority.  A voter can find their county officials and information on the Secretary of State’s website.  https://www.sos.alabama.gov/city-county-lookup/cities?_ga=2.23888634.1148854457.1657641731-732788755.1657641731.

Registering to Vote

Registration Deadlines

  • For registration deadlines, see How to Register below.

How to Check Your Registration: Voters can determine whether they are registered to vote at the following link: Am I Registered?.

You are eligible to vote in Alabama if you:

  • Are a U.S citizen
  • Are a resident of Alabama
  • Are at least 18 years old by Election Day

You are NOT eligible to vote in Alabama if:

  • You have been legally declared “mentally incompetent” by a court
  • You have been convicted of a felony involving moral turpitude

Restorative Requirements

  • Contact the Board of Pardons and Paroles to begin the Certificate of Eligibility to Register to Vote application process. Applicants can begin the process by visiting the Pardons and Paroles office in the county where they currently live or by calling (334) 353-7771 or (334) 353-8067. For assistance with the CERV process, applicants can contact Blair Bowie at the Campaign Legal Center by calling 202-736-2201 or emailing BBowie@campaignlegalcenter.org For other questions, call 1-866-OUR-VOTE
  • If you have been convicted of a felony NOT involving moral turpitude, your voting rights are not affected.

How to register 

  • Alabama State General Election
    • Apply Online: Online by Mon Oct 24, 2022
    • Post received by Mon Oct 24, 2022
    • Hand Delivered by Mon Oct 24, 2022

Alabama residents may register online or by mail to the voter’s Board of Registrars.  Voter registration application forms and accompanying instruction can be found on the Secretary of State’s website.  https://www.sos.alabama.gov/index.php/alabama-votes/voter/register-to-vote

Voters seeking to register prior to the election must do so not less than 15 calendar days prior to the date of election, this year November 8, 2022 (registration by October 24, 2022).

Alabama law considers residence based on the voter’s intention to make that place their new home indefinitely.  Applicants are asked to provide their address, some biographical information, sign an oath that they meet the legal qualifications to register and vote, and provide a copy of their Alabama Driver’s License or Non-Driver ID Number, or the last four digits of their Social Security Number if they do not have an Alabama ID card.  If they do not have a Social Security Number they can still register.

Early Voting and Voting by Absentee Ballot

If You Want to Vote Absentee, requests may be made:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail

Absentee Ballots may be returned:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail
Alabama State General Election

Ballot Request:

  • Post received by Tue Nov 1, 2022
  • In-Person, Received by Thu Nov 3, 2022

Ballot Return:

  • Postmarked by Mon Nov 7, 2022
  • Post received by Tue Nov 8, 2022 12:00PM CST
  • In-Person, Received by Mon Nov 7, 2022

Alabama does not have early voting.  Voters who are eligible to cast an absentee ballot can do so by personally handing their absentee ballot to their county’s Absentee Election Manager or by mail. Voters requesting a medical emergency absentee ballot can designate someone to hand deliver their absentee ballot application and ballot envelope. For more information on absentee voting, visit the Secretary of State’s absentee voting information page.

Rules and Deadlines:

  • Voters may apply for absentee ballots beginning 55 days prior to an election (September 14, 2022), which must be received no later than 7 days prior to the election if by mail, or 5 days prior if by hand (November 1 and 3 respectively).  When requesting an absentee ballot, the voter must provide the following voter and absentee ballot request information:
    • Full name
    • Address at which the voter is registered to vote
    • The mailing address where the ballot should be mailed
    • The election(s) for which the absentee ballot is requested
    • The reason for the absentee ballot request
    • And a statement affirming the voter’s qualification to vote
  • All absentee ballots must be received by the Absentee Election Manager no later than the day before the election if sent in by mail, or noon on election day if delivered by hand.  A voter must do the following to submit a valid absentee ballot:
    • Seal the completed ballot in the plain envelope provided
    • Place the plain envelope inside the affidavit envelope provided
    • Seal the affidavit envelope and compete the affidavit.
    • Sign the affidavit witnessed by two adults or a notary public.
    • Place the signed and witnessed affidavit envelope in the provided pre-addressed outer envelope and deliver the ballot by mail or hand delivery to the Absentee Election Manager.
Identification Requirements

Voter Registration

To register to vote in Alabama you should provide one of the following:

  • Your Alabama Driver’s License Number
  • Your Alabama ID Number

If you do not have these IDs, you may provide:

  • Last Four Digits of your Social Security Number

If you do not have an Alabama Driver’s License, Alabama ID or Social Security number and need help getting ID, go to www.voteriders.org

If you do not have one of the documents in the list above, you may obtain a free Alabama photo voter ID card, which may be obtained through the Alabama Law Enforcement Agency.

Voters may cast a provisional ballot if they do not have their ID at the polls, but must prove identification by 5 p.m. on the Friday following the election.
Absentee ballots do not require an ID (however, absentee applications do require an ID).

If You Have Moved Within Your State

f the voter has moved to a new address, Alabama requires them to update their registration.  Whether the voter must re-register depends on where they moved:

  • Move within a voting precinct: no re-registration required.
  • Move between precincts but within same county: may cast provisional ballot at new address’s precinct.  The voter may be required to provide updated information to vote.
  • Move between counties, or from a different state: the voter must register, at least 15 days before the election.

The voter can determine their proper polling place by checking the Alabama Votes website.  https://myinfo.alabamavotes.gov/voterview

If You Are in the Military or Are an Overseas Voter

If You Want to Vote Absentee, requests may be made:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail

Absentee Ballots may be returned:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail
Alabama State General Election

Ballot Request:

  • Post received by Tue Nov 1, 2022
  • In-Person, Received by Thu Nov 3, 2022

Ballot Return:

  • Postmarked by Mon Nov 7, 2022
  • Post received by Tue Nov 8, 2022 12:00PM CST
  • In-Person, Received by Mon Nov 7, 2022

Alabama citizens who are military or overseas voters may request blank absentee ballots by mail or electronic transmission.  More information can be found on the Secretary of State’s website.  They may also use the Federal Voting Assistance Program postcard.  https://www.fvap.gov/

If You Have a Criminal Record

A person who is convicted of certain felonies involving “moral turpitude,” may register to vote and vote only if they obtain a pardon that specifically restores the right to vote, or if they are granted a Certificate of Eligibility to Vote by the Board of Pardons and Paroles.  A full list of felonies involving “moral turpitude” may be found at Ala. Code § 17-3-30.1(c), http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/CodeOfAlabama/1975/17-3-30.1.htm, and includes murder, manslaughter, kidnapping, various sexual offenses, human trafficking, narcotics trafficking, terrorism, possession or distribution of a destructive devise or weapon, distribution of obscene materials or devices, burglary, aggravated child abuse, and robbery.

A person may apply to the Board of Pardons and Paroles for a Certificate of Eligibility to Vote if:  (i) their conviction was for a felony involving moral turpitude other than treason, impeachment, murder, rape, or various sexual offenses; (ii) they have no criminal felony charges pending against them; (iii) they have paid all fines, court costs, fees, and victim restitution associated with the conviction; and (iv) either they have completed their sentence, including any period of probation and parole, or they have been pardoned.  A person obtaining a Certificate of Eligibility to Vote must still register to vote.

A person loses their right to vote from a felony conviction only if it involves a felony involving “moral turpitude.”  Otherwise, they may vote even if currently in jail.

Questions about voting in Alabama?

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