Alabama

Upcoming Elections

2022-05-09 – Registration Deadline (Online by)

Online by Mon May 9, 2022

2022-05-09 – Registration Deadline (Post received by)

Post received by Mon May 9, 2022

2022-05-09 – Registration Deadline (Hand Delivered by)

Hand Delivered by Mon May 9, 2022

2022-05-17 – Ballot Request Deadline (Post received by)

Post received by Tue May 17, 2022

2022-05-19 – Ballot Request Deadline (In-Person – Received by)

In-Person, Received by Thu May 19, 2022

2022-05-23 – Ballot Return Deadline (Postmarked by)

Postmarked by Mon May 23, 2022

2022-05-23 – Ballot Return Deadline (In-Person – Received by)

In-Person, Received by Mon May 23, 2022

2022-05-24 – Ballot Return Deadline (Post received by)

Post received by Tue May 24, 2022 12:00PM CDT

Last updated: March 2022

Voting in Alabama

If You Want to Vote Early

Alabama does not have early voting, but voters who qualify for absentee voting may vote absentee in person at their local elections office (usually the Circuit Clerk).  For more information on absentee voting, visit the Secretary of State’s absentee voting information page: https://www.sos.alabama.gov/alabama-votes/voter/absentee-voting?m=voters.

If You Want to Vote Absentee

Voters in Alabama can apply for and receive an absentee ballot if they have a qualifying reason to vote absentee, which include:

  • Expects to be absent from the county on Election Day;
  • Is physically incapacitated and will not be able to vote in person on Election Day; 
  • Is unable to access his or her assigned polling place due to a neurological, musculoskeletal, respiratory (including speech organs), cardiovascular, or other life-altering disorder that affects his or her ability to perform manual tasks, stand for any length of time, walk unassisted, see, hear or speak and:
  • (a) Is an elderly voter aged 65 or older; or
  • (b) Is a voter with a disability;
  • Is a registered Alabama voter living outside the county;
  • Is a member of or a dependent of a member of the United States armed forces;
  • Is a caregiver for a family member to the second degree of kinship who is confined to home;
  • Expects to work a required shift of 10 hours or more that coincides with polling hours;
  • Is an appointed election officer or poll watcher at a polling place other than their regular polling place; or
  • Is incarcerated in prison and has not been convicted of a felony involving moral turpitude.
Absentee Voting Rules and Deadlines

If You Want to Vote Absentee, requests may be made:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail

Absentee Ballots may be returned:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail
Alabama State Primary Election

Ballot Request:

  • Post received by Tue May 17, 2022
  • In-Person, Received by Thu May 19, 2022

Ballot Return:

  • Postmarked by Mon May 23, 2022
  • Post received by Tue May 24, 2022 12:00PM CDT
  • In-Person, Received by Mon May 23, 2022

Absentee Ballot Application Procedure

  • Make sure to include the following with your absentee ballot application:
    • A copy of your valid photo identification;
    • Your name and residential address;
    • The election for which the ballot is requested;
    • The reason for your absence from the polls on Election Day;
    • Party choice if the election is a party primary (in a party primary a voter may participate in only one political party’s primary; thus a choice must be designated so that the appropriate ballot can be provided. If the voter declines or fails to designate a choice for a primary or primary runoff ballot, the absentee election manager may send only the ballot for constitutional amendments);
    • The address to which the ballot should be mailed; and
    • Voter’s signature. (Signature must be original, electronic signatures will not be accepted. If a mark is made in place of a signature, it must be witnessed.)

Absentee Ballot Application Deadlines:

  • An absentee ballot application delivered by mail must be received in the office of the Absentee Election Manager (usually the Circuit Clerk) for your county no later than 7 days prior to Election Day.
  • An absentee ballot application returned by hand must be received in the office of the Absentee Election Manager for your county no later than 5 days prior to Election Day.
  • Business/ Medical Emergency Absentee Voting:  Applications for business and medical emergency voting can be made after the absentee deadline but no later than 5 p.m. on the day before the election, if the voter:
    • has a medical emergency requiring treatment from a licensed physician within five (5) days of an election;
    • is required by an employer due to unforeseen circumstances within five (5) days before an election to be unavailable at the polls on Election Day;
    • is a caregiver of a person who requires emergency treatment by a licensed physician within five (5) days before an election; or 
    • has a family member to the second degree of kinship by affinity or consanguinity (voter or voter’s spouse’s parents, grandparents, siblings, children or grandchildren) to pass away within five (5) days before an election.

Absentee Ballot Procedure

  • The absentee ballot must either be signed by a notary or two witnesses who are 18 years old or older.  It will not be counted otherwise. Electronic or remote notarization is not allowed. 
  • The absentee ballot comes with 3 envelopes — one plain (the secrecy envelope), one with an affidavit, or oath, printed on the outside, and one plain pre-addressed envelope (the outer envelope). Once the voter casts the ballot, the procedure is as follows:
    • seal the ballot in the plain envelope
    • place the plain envelope inside the accompanying affidavit envelope
    • seal the affidavit envelope and complete the affidavit that is on the outside of the envelope
    • sign the affidavit and have the signature witnessed by either a notary public or two (2) witnesses 18 years of age or older; and then
    • place the affidavit envelope inside the outer envelope. 
  • Business/Medical Emergency Voting: in addition to the application information outlined above, the emergency application contains an affidavit acknowledging that the voter was not aware of the circumstances prior to the normal absentee ballot deadline. The application for medical emergency also requires that the attending physician describe and certify the circumstances as constituting an emergency. 

Absentee Ballot Deadline

  • An absentee ballot returned by hand must be delivered by the voter and must be in the Absentee Election Manager’s office no later than 5 PM on the day before Election Day. 
  • An absentee ballot returned by mail must be received by the Absentee Election Manager no later than noon on Election Day. 
  • For medical emergency absentee voting, a medical emergency designee must deliver the absentee ballot to the Absentee Election Manager no later than noon on Election Day.
  • Military and Citizens Residing Overseas: Alabama citizens who are members of the Uniformed Services and their spouse and dependents, Merchant Marines, commissioned corps of the Public Health Service, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and Alabama overseas citizens (also known as UOCAVA voters) may return their ballot by U.S. Mail or by a commercial carrier. UOCAVA voters who are overseas may return their ballot electronically. If returning the ballot by commercial air or ground carrier, the date the ballot is tendered to the carrier is considered the postmark date. UOCAVA voters should make sure their ballot is postmarked or tendered to the commercial carrier no later than the day of the election. 
    • UOCAVA voters do not have to have their ballot’s affidavit envelope notarized. However, the affidavit on the envelope must be witnessed by two (2) persons who are 18 years or older.
If You Have Moved Within Your State

Voters should notify the Board of Registrars of any change of address.  A voter must update their voter registration by either re-registering to vote online or by mailing a new voter registration form to the Board of Registrars in their county. A voter must register within 14 days prior to the election. 

Moving within the Same County

If the voter relocates his or her residence from one ward to another ward in the same city or town within the 30-day period prior to the election, the voter has the right to vote in the ward where the voter had previously resided if he or she would have been entitled to vote in that ward but for relocating to the new ward. 

Moving Between Counties

A registered voter who has changed his or her county of residence must register to vote again in the new county of residence no later than the 15th day before Election Day. If a voter who has relocated to another county has not re-registered to vote, that voter will not be permitted to vote in the election, except by provisional ballot.

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