Maryland

Upcoming Elections

2022-06-28 – Registration Deadline (Online by)

Online by Tue Jun 28, 2022 9:00PM EDT

2022-06-28 – Registration Deadline (Postmarked by)

Postmarked by Tue Jun 28, 2022 9:00PM EDT

2022-07-07 – Early Voting Starts

Thu Jul 7, 2022 10:00AM EDT

2022-07-12 – Ballot Request Deadline (Request for Postal Ballot by)

Request for Postal Ballot by Tue Jul 12, 2022 8:00PM EDT

2022-07-14 – Early Voting Ends

Thu Jul 14, 2022 8:00PM EDT

2022-07-15 – Ballot Request Deadline (Online by)

Online by Fri Jul 15, 2022 11:59PM EDT

2022-07-19 – Ballot Return Deadline (Postmarked by)

Postmarked by Tue Jul 19, 2022

2022-07-19 – Ballot Return Deadline (In-Person – Received by)

In-Person, Received by Tue Jul 19, 2022 8:00PM EDT

2022-07-19 – Ballot Request Deadline (In-Person Request by)

In-Person Request by Tue Jul 19, 2022 8:00PM EDT

2022-07-19 – Registration Deadline (Election Day Registration & Voting)

Election Day Registration & Voting Tue Jul 19, 2022

2022-07-29 – Ballot Return Deadline (Received by)

Received by Fri Jul 29, 2022 10:00AM EDT

Last updated: April 2022

Voting in Maryland

When You Can Vote

By Mail:  

Voters must mail or hand deliver mail-in ballots to a voting location, a ballot drop off box, or your local board of elections. Voters cannot submit voted mail-in ballots online, by email or fax.

Voters can return your voted mail-in ballot by:

  • Mail: Envelope must be postmarked on or before Election Day. Voted ballot must be received by your local board of elections by 10:00 am 10 days after Election Day.
  • Hand-delivery: By 8:00 pm on Election Day at the following locations:
  • Your Local Board of Elections,
  • An Early Voting Center, or
  • A Ballot Drop Off Box.

In person: 

Voting centers for early voting will be open from 7:00 am to 8:00 pm. Polling places on Election Day will be open from 7:00 am to 8:00 pm. Voters in line by 8:00 pm will be allowed to vote.

Where You Can Vote

Returning Mail-In Ballots by Mail: Voters can mail your completed ballots to your local boards of elections. Voters should mail your ballots as soon as possible due to potential backlogs at the U.S. Postal Service. Mail-in ballots will come with prepaid return envelopes. To be counted, the ballots must meet the following timing requirements:

Returning Mail-In Ballots by Hand Delivery: Voters can also return mail-in ballots by hand delivery.

  • Primary Election: By 8:00 pm on Election Day at one of the following locations:
  • Your Local Board of Elections,
  • An Early Voting Center, or
  • A Ballot Drop Off Box.
  • General Election: By 8:00 pm on Election Day at one of the following locations:
    • Your Local Board of Elections,
    • Any Early Voting Center in the county in which you live on election day, 
    • Any Polling Place in the county in which you live on election day, or
    • A Ballot Drop Off Box

In-Person Voting

  • Early Voting: Voters can vote at any early voting center in the jurisdiction where you live.
  • On Election Day: Voters can vote in-person at your assigned polling place.
Registering to Vote

Registration Deadlines

  • For registration deadlines, see How to Register below.

How to Check Your Registration: Voters can determine whether they are registered to vote at the following link: Am I Registered?.

You are eligible to vote in Maryland if you:

  • Are a U.S citizen
  • Are a resident of Maryland
  • Are at least 18 years old by Election Day

You are NOT eligible to vote in Maryland if:

  • You have been legally declared “mentally incompetent” by a court
  • You are on parole for a felony conviction or convicted of a felony
  • You were convicted of buying or selling votes

You may preregister to vote in Maryland

  • At the age 16

How to register 

  • Maryland State Primary Election
    • Apply Online: Online by Tue Jun 28, 2022 9:00PM EDT
    • Submit a Printed Application: Postmarked by Tue Jun 28, 2022 9:00PM EDT
    • In Person: Election Day Registration & Voting Tue Jul 19, 2022

How to Check Your Registration: Voters can determine whether you are registered to vote by checking the Maryland State Board of Elections website available at the following link:  https://voterservices.elections.maryland.gov/votersearch.

Voters can also call Maryland’s State Board of Elections at (410) 269-2840 or (800) 222-8683 (toll-free) or contact your local election board.

Registration Eligibility: In order to be eligible to register in Maryland, a person must be:

  • A U.S. citizen;
  • A Maryland resident; 
  • At least 16 years old; 
    • While eligible to register at age 16, only voters who will be at least 18 years old by the next general or special election will be eligible to vote in the general or special election and any primary election in which candidates are nominated for the general or special election; and have
  • NOT have been convicted of a felony AND currently serving a court-ordered sentence of imprisonment for the conviction;
  • NOT have been convicted of buying or selling votes; and
  • NOT under guardianship for mental disability and found by a court to be unable to communicate a desire to vote.

How to Register: Maryland residents may register online, submit a printed application, or register in person.

  • Apply Online. Eligible voters may register to vote or update their registered address online using Maryland’s Online Voter Registration System (OLVR). To submit a registration electronically, a voter must provide a valid Maryland-issued state ID number or driver’s license number; voters who reside outside the U.S. or are a member of the military (or the member’s spouse or dependent) can provide the last four digits of your social security number to register; voters who do not have a Maryland driver’s license or Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration (MVA) ID Card can also provide the last four digits of their social security number. Voters who do not have these forms of identification can have their form processed if they affirm under penalty of perjury that they do not have a Maryland driver’s license, MVA ID Card, or social security number.
  1. In Person. If an eligible voter does not have access to a computer and/or printer, the voter may complete a voter registration application in person at:
  2. Local board of elections;
  3. State Board of Elections;
  4. local Department of Health office
  5. Maryland Department of Human Services local offices
  6. Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration (MVA) offices
  7. local Area Agency on Aging office;
  8. MTA Paratransit Certification Office
  9. All public institutions of higher education;
  10. Recruitment offices of the U.S. Armed Forces;
  11. Marriage license offices; and
  12. Offices for students with disabilities at all Maryland colleges and universities.
  • Same day registration and voting: An eligible voter can register to vote at a voting center in his/her county of residence by bringing a document showing proof of residency (MVA issued license, ID card, change of address card, paycheck, bank statement, utility bill, or other government document with your name and new address), either:
    • During Early Voting
    • On Election Day

Identification Required for RegistrationIn addition to basic identifying information, voters are asked to provide a Maryland driver’s license number or MVA ID Card number or, if you do not have a Maryland driver’s license or MVA ID Card, the last four digits of your social security number on your voter registration application. Your registration application will not be processed unless you provide this information or affirm, under penalty of perjury, that you do not have a Maryland driver’s license, MVA ID Card, or social security number. An election official will give eligible voters who do not provide any of the above forms of identification a unique identifying number. 

Voting Early & by Mail-In Ballot

If You Want to Vote Absentee, requests may be made:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail
  • By Fax
  • By Email
  • Online

Absentee Ballots may be returned:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail
Maryland State Primary Election

Ballot Request:

  • Online by Fri Jul 15, 2022 11:59PM EDT
  • In-Person Request by Tue Jul 19, 2022 8:00PM EDT
  • Request for Postal Ballot by Tue Jul 12, 2022 8:00PM EDT

Ballot Return:

  • Received by Fri Jul 29, 2022 10:00AM EDT
  • Postmarked by Tue Jul 19, 2022
  • In-Person, Received by Tue Jul 19, 2022 8:00PM EDT

Early Voting:

  • Early Voting from Thu Jul 7, 2022 10:00AM EDT to Thu Jul 14, 2022 8:00PM EDT

If You Want to Vote by Mail-In Ballot

How to apply for a mail-in ballot: There are three ways you can request a mail-in ballot:

  • Online: Voters who have a Maryland driver’s license or MVA-issued ID card may apply online using the State’s online system;
  • Complete and return one of the forms below by mail, fax, or email: Voters can fill out a paper application in English or Spanish and return it to your local board by mail, email, or fax (email addresses and fax numbers are available here); or
  • Go to your local board of elections and fill out and turn in one of the below forms: Voters or your designated agents can go to your local board of election and fill out and return the application in person.
    • Voters can designate someone to be your agent who will take your completed mail-in ballot application to your local board of elections, pick up your ballot, and deliver it to them. The voter and designated agent must complete the Designation of Agent Form.

How voters receive your ballots: Voters can choose how they want to receive your mail-in ballot:

  • By mail: Voters can have their ballot sent to any address they choose;
  • By fax; or
  • By Internet: Voters can request to access their ballots electronically. You would then be responsible for printing and returning the ballot to your local board of elections. Note that the State discourages this method because printed and faxed ballots are not scannable. Employees will need to transfer the information from any such ballots to official ballots that can be scanned and counted, which is time-consuming.

Casting a mail-in ballot: Voters receive instructions with their ballot.

  • Voters who receive ballots by mail or fax, need a black pen to vote. 
  • Voters who download their ballot from the State’s website can print the blank ballot and mark their ballot by hand. 
  • Voters do not sign your name or make any other mark on their ballot. 

Returning a mail-in ballot:  To cast a vote by mail-in ballot, the voter can:

  • Mail the voted ballot to a voting location
  • Drop at a ballot drop-off box: Mail-in ballots may be placed in a drop-off box before 8:00 pm on Election Day. When available, a list of drop-off boxes will be listed here. 
  • Hand-deliver: Voters can hand-deliver their ballots by 8:00 pm on Election Day to your local board of elections, an early voting center, or an Election Day vote center.

Voters cannot email or fax voted mail-in ballots. If your mail-in ballot never arrived. If you are a registered voter and have verified on the voter look-up website that your address is correct, wait a few days. Your ballot may be in transit. If the election is two weeks away and you have not received your ballot, please contact your local board of elections. A representative of your local board can help you.

Identification Requirements

Voter Registration

To register to vote in Maryland you should provide one of the following:

  • Maryland Learner’s Permit
  • Your Maryland Driver’s License Number
  • Your Maryland ID Number

If you do not have these IDs, you may provide:

  • Last Four Digits of your Social Security Number

If you are registering for the first time by mail and can not be identified by the ID information you provided, you will need to provide proof of residence. Acceptable forms of proof of residence include:

  • Maryland ID Card
  • Government Issued Document that shows your current name and address
  • Valid Maryland Driver’s License except one issued to an individual that is not a United States citizen
  • Change of Address Card
  • Current Utility Bill or Pay Check or Bank Statement

Voting In-Person

If you registered to vote in Maryland, you may be required to present valid ID if you are voting for the first time or your registration is incomplete. You can use any ID from this list:

  • Paycheck that shows your Current Name and Address
  • Utility Bill
  • Valid Employee ID
  • Valid Federal Issued ID
  • Valid Military ID
  • Government Check
  • Valid US Passport
  • Valid ID Issued by the Maryland Department of Motor Vehicles, Transportation, Highway Safety, etc.
  • Government Issued Document that shows your Current Name and Address
  • Bank Statement
  • Valid Maryland Driver’s License
  • Valid Student ID
  • Valid Maryland Issued ID

Statements, checks and bills should be dated no earlier than 90 days before Election Day.

Voters will be asked to show identification in certain limited circumstances: 

  • Someone in the voting center challenges a voter’s identity.
  • Registering to vote in person
  • A voter who registered to vote or changed his/her address during early voting or on Election Day will need to show proof of residency. 

Acceptable identification includes:

  • A current and valid Maryland driver’s license;
  • A current and valid ID issued by the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration;
  • A current and valid student ID;
  • A current and valid employee ID;
  • A current and valid military ID;
  • A current and valid U.S. passport;
  • Any other current and valid Maryland- or federal government-issued photo ID; or
  • A current (i.e., from within the last three months) utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck, or other government document that shows the name and address of the individual. 

Voters who cannot provide identification or proof of residency may have to vote a provisional ballot. Voters can provide identification and/or proof of residence to the local board of elections up until 10:00 am 8 days after Election Day in order to have their provisional ballot counted.
After the election, the voter can track their provisional ballot to find out if it was counted.

If You Have Moved Within Your State

To update your address:

  • Use the voter registration application to update your address. 
  • Submit in writing a notice with your new address. 
  • Use Maryland’s Online Voter Registration System 

Deadline: At least 21 days before the election 

  • If you cannot register before that date, go to an early voting center in the country where you live and bring a document that proves where you live. This document can be your MVA-issued license, ID card, or change of address card, or your paycheck, bank statement, utility bill, or other government document with your name and new address.

If you changed your address with the MVA, it should have been sent to your local board of elections unless you opted out of that process. You can verify that your address has been changed by using the voter look-up website.

If You Are in the Military or are an Overseas Voter

Voting Military

Service members and their dependents may register and request a ballot using the federal voter registration/ballot request form (“FPCA”). You will have the following identification options when completing the form:

  • U.S. State or Territory or District Issued ID
  • Option to Indicate that you do not have the Requested ID
  • Last 4 Digits of your Social Security Number

Voting Overseas

U.S. citizens living overseas may register and request a ballot using the overseas voter registration/ballot request form. You will have the following identification options when completing the form:

  • U.S. State or Territory or District Issued ID
  • Option to Indicate that you do not have the Requested ID
  • Last 4 Digits of your Social Security Number

Military and other overseas citizens may use the standard procedure for voting by mail, but there are also special provisions for members of the U.S. Armed Forces and merchant marine, commissioned corps of the Public Health Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, along with family members of all these groups, and other citizens who reside outside the United States.

Registering:  Military and overseas voters may register to vote and request and obtain a ballot in several ways. 

  • Registration:
    • To register, you may register online. To register online, you must have a Maryland driver’s license, MVA ID, or social security number. There is a field where you can select that you are a military voter, spouse or dependent of a military voter, or voter who resides outside the U.S. The voter should select which answer best describes them.

Military and overseas voters can also fill out a Federal Post Card Application (“FPCA”) and send it to the local board of election where you last resided in Maryland. If registering for the first time, the voter will have to mail the FPCA because election officials need an original signature on file. 

The deadlines for registering to vote are the same as for in-state Maryland residents.

Requesting an Absentee (Mail-In) Ballot: The Federal Post Card Application allows eligible military or overseas voters to simultaneously register and request your mail-in ballot. However, if an eligible voter registers with a state voter registration form, you must separately register for a mail-in ballot. You can also request one online, to do so you need a Maryland driver’s license, MVA ID card, or social security number. There is a field where you can select that you are a military voter, spouse or dependent of a military voter, or voter who resides outside the U.S. Please look for this field and select the answer that best describes you.

If you miss the deadline and want to vote a mail-in ballot, you or your agent must apply in person at your local board of elections. You can designate someone to be your agent if you and your agent both complete the Mail-In Ballot: Designation of Agent Form (link in English and Spanish). 

Receiving an Absentee (Mail-In) ballotMilitary and overseas voters may receive your mail-in ballots by mail, email/online or fax, or you can download your ballot from the State’s website. If you use the online system to request a ballot, you pick how you want to receive your ballot. On the Federal Post Card Application you check the box next to your preferred delivery method. If you want to download your ballot, make sure to clearly provide your email address. Ballots are sent or available for download at least 45 days before an election. If you are downloading your ballot, the State Board of Elections will send you an email when your ballot is available. 

Federal Write-In Absentee BallotThe Federal Write-in Absentee Ballot (FWAB) is a back-up ballot that military and overseas voters may use. These voters may use the FWAB whether you are located inside or outside the United States (including APO and FPO addresses), provided that you are away from your voting residence for service-related activities, or if you are a U.S. citizen residing outside the U.S. who registered and requested an absentee (or mail-in) ballot by the request deadline. If you are a military voter or voter who lives outside the U.S., you submitted your request for a mail-in ballot by the appropriate deadline and you do not receive your regular ballot in time, you may use the FWAB.

Casting an Absentee (or Mail-In) Ballot: Ballots may only be returned by mail or hand-deliver your ballot to your local board of elections, a ballot drop off box, an early voting center, or any election day polling place in the county where you live. 

  • For the Primary Elections: 
    • If a voter would like to hand deliver their ballot, they must bring it to their local board of elections by 8pm on election day, or they may take it to any voting center in the county in which they live during early voting, any polling place in the county in which they live on election day or a ballot drop off box by the time polls close. 
    • If a voter mails their voted ballot, they must make sure that the envelope is postmarked on or before primary election day. You can also drop off your ballot at a ballot drop off box. 
  • For the General Election
    • If a voter would like to hand deliver their ballot, they must bring it to their local board of elections by 8pm on election day, or they may take it to any voting center in the county in which they live during early voting, any polling place in the county in which they live on election day or a ballot drop off box by the time polls close. 
    • If a voter mails their voted ballot, they must make sure that the envelope is postmarked on or before primary election day.
    • You can also drop off your ballot at a ballot drop off box. 

For specific instructions, visit the FVAP’s Federal Voting Assistance Program’s website: (https://www.fvap.gov/maryland).

If You Have a Felony Conviction

Maryland law permits persons with a felony conviction to vote so long as you are not currently incarcerated. For the purposes of eligibility to register to vote, convictions include federal, state, and out-of-state convictions. Note that this does not apply if you have been convicted of buying or selling votes. Such voters must complete a new voter registration form once you become eligible and mail or hand-deliver it to your local board of elections.

Pretrial detainees who have not yet been convicted and persons with misdemeanor convictions are not disqualified from voting. Like all other qualified voters, those serving jail time in pretrial detention or on misdemeanor convictions may apply for and cast a mail-in ballot.

If You Are Blind, Physically Disabled, or Need Language Assistance

Will the Polling Place Be Accessible?

All the early voting centers are accessible to voters with disabilities. A voter can contact his/her local board of elections and inquire about which Election Day vote centers are accessible in the voter’s county.

Voter assistance with Mail-in Ballots?

If you have a disability and cannot mark your ballot independently, they offer an online tool to help mark your ballot. With this tool, most voters can make selections without help. If a voter would like to use this online tool, request a mail-in ballot, and check the box saying that you want to print your ballot from the SBE’s website. 

Can a Voter Get Assistance at the Polls?

A ballot-marking device that is accessible to most voters is available at all voting locations in early voting centers and Election Day vote centers. Blind voters and voters with low vision can vote by listening to the ballot selections and by using the keypad. Voters with physical disabilities may also choose to use the high contrast and large print functions of the voting unit. Other assistive devices (for example, sip and puff) can be plugged into the device. If voters want to use the audio ballot, they can ask an election judge. Election judges will answer questions and help as needed.

In addition, a voter requiring assistance may choose any individual to assist the voter in marking or preparing the ballot, except the voter’s employer, an agent of that employer, an officer or agent of the voter’s union, a candidate on the voter’s ballot (if the voter is casting a provisional ballot), or a designated poll watcher or challenger. The voter may also choose to have two election judges assist them. If the voter declines to select an individual, a poll worker, in the presence of another poll worker that represents another political party, shall assist the voter in the manner prescribed by the voter. The person rendering assistance must sign the Voter Assistance Form and may not suggest in any way how the voter should vote.

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

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