New York

Upcoming Elections

2022-06-03 – Registration Deadline (Postmarked by)

Postmarked by Fri Jun 3, 2022

2022-06-03 – Registration Deadline (In-Person – Received by)

In-Person, Received by Fri Jun 3, 2022

2022-06-08 – Registration Deadline (Post received by)

Post received by Wed Jun 8, 2022

2022-06-13 – Ballot Request Deadline (Post received by)

Post received by Mon Jun 13, 2022

2022-06-13 – Ballot Request Deadline (Email, Online or Fax by)

Email, Online or Fax by Mon Jun 13, 2022

2022-06-18 – Early Voting Starts

Sat Jun 18, 2022

2022-06-26 – Early Voting Ends

Sun Jun 26, 2022

2022-06-27 – Ballot Request Deadline (In-Person – Received by)

In-Person, Received by Mon Jun 27, 2022

2022-06-28 – Ballot Return Deadline (Postmarked by)

Postmarked by Tue Jun 28, 2022

2022-06-28 – Ballot Return Deadline (In-Person – Received by)

In-Person, Received by Tue Jun 28, 2022 9:00PM EDT

2022-07-05 – Ballot Return Deadline (Post received by)

Post received by Tue Jul 5, 2022

Last Updated: April 2022

Voting in New York

When You Can Vote

Polls open from 6:00 am to 9:00 pm

Where You Can Vote

How to Find Your Polling Place

Registering To Vote

Registration Deadlines

  • For registration deadlines, see How to Register below.

How to Check Your Registration: Voters can determine whether they are registered to vote at the following link: Am I Registered?.

You are eligible to vote in New York if you:

  • Are a U.S citizen
  • Are a resident of New York
  • Are at least 18 years old by Election Day
  • Live in the precinct where you vote for at least 30 days prior to the election

Note: Beginning on January 9, 2023, documented non-citizens (who have green cards or are DACA recipients) are eligible to vote in municipal elections after 30 days of legal residency in NYC. These legal residents can vote for mayor, borough presidents, city council, public advocate and citywide positions in primaries and general elections. They may not vote for state or federal offices.

You are able to pre-register:

  • at the age 16

You are NOT eligible to vote in New York if:

  • You have been legally declared “mentally incompetent” by a court
  • You are registered to vote in another state
  • You are in prison or detention or jail or penal institution

How to register 

  • New York State Primary Election (Gubernatorial and State Assembly)
    • Submit a Printed Application: Postmarked by Fri Jun 3, 2022
    • Post received by Wed Jun 8, 2022
    • In-Person, Received by Fri Jun 3, 2022

If you are registering by mail, your application must be postmarked 25 days before the election and received no later than the twentieth day before the election. 

If you are registering in person, you may register at your local board of elections or any state agency participating in the National Voter Registration Act, on any business day throughout the year. But to be eligible to vote in the upcoming primary election, you must apply by 25 days before the election.

Ways to Register

Online

Individuals may register to vote online in New York. You will need to create a MyDMV account. Online voter registration requires that you have a New York State Driver’s License, New York State Learner Permit or New York State Non-Driver ID, and your social security number. If you have moved, you must first update your address with the DMV, which you can do through the same website provided above. Online applications must be submitted on or before the deadline to be valid for any specific election.

In-Person or by Mail

You may also register to vote in person at your county board of elections. You can locate your county board here.

You can download a voter registration form from the New York Board of Elections Website in either  or and then print, fill it out, sign, and mail it to your county board of elections. You may also complete the form online (also in either  or ) by typing the necessary information into the PDF, and then printing it out. These files are larger, so they may take longer to load depending on your internet connection. Mail your completed voter registration form to your county board of elections. Applications must be mailed and postmarked at least 25 days before the election you want to vote in.

You can also request a New York State Voter Registration form by mail by entering your name directly into New York State’s mailing list database. 

Identification Required for Voter Registration

The New York Voter Registration Application asks applicants to provide a DMV identification number (either a driver’s license number or a non-driver ID number) or the last four digits of their Social Security Number.

If you do not have either a DMV or Social Security Number, you can send a copy of the following acceptable forms of ID along with your registration form in order to establish your identity:

  • A current valid photo ID;
  • A copy of a current utility bill;
  • A bank statement;
  • A government check; or
  • Some other government document that shows the applicant’s name and address.

If an applicant’s identity cannot be verified before Election Day, they will be asked for ID when they vote for the first time. Note that failure to include acceptable ID with your registration form will not prevent you from registering, but you need to be prepared to show ID the first time you vote. If you are not able to provide ID by election day, you are still allowed to vote by affidavit ballot, but not using the poll site scanner. 

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

Voting Early & by Mail (Absentee)

If You Want to Vote Absentee, requests may be made:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail

Absentee Ballots may be returned:

  • In-Person
  • By Mail
New York State Primary Election (Gubernatorial and State Assembly)

Ballot Request:

  • Post received by Mon Jun 13, 2022
  • In-Person, Received by Mon Jun 27, 2022
  • Email, Online or Fax by Mon Jun 13, 2022

Ballot Return:

  • Postmarked by Tue Jun 28, 2022
  • Post received by Tue Jul 5, 2022
  • In-Person, Received by Tue Jun 28, 2022 9:00PM EDT

Early Voting:

  • Early Voting from Sat Jun 18, 2022 to Sun Jun 26, 2022

If You Want to Vote Early or Vote Absentee

New York has early voting. Dates and hours are set by local election officials. For early voting information in your area, check with your county board of elections.

Qualifications to Vote Absentee

The following persons are qualified to vote by absentee ballot:

  • Persons who will be absent from their county, or if a resident of New York City then absent from the city, on Election Day;
  • Persons who will be unable to appear at the polls due to temporary (including being unable to appear due to risk of contracting or spreading a communicable disease like COVID-19) or permanent illness or disability; or because they are the primary care giver of one or more individuals who are ill or physically disabled;
  • Patients or inmates in a Veterans’ Administration Hospital; and
  • Persons who will be detained in jail awaiting Grand Jury action or confined in prison after conviction for an offense other than a felony.

Note that while reasons are required for absentee voting, risk of contracting or spreading COVID-19 is identified by NY law as a recognized reason for absentee voting under the temporary illness justification. Effectively, this means that anyone who has fears about in person voting due to COVID-19 may vote by absentee ballot. Former Governor Cuomo issued a press release about this topic, with the stated purpose of raising awareness about the accessibility of absentee voting. 

Procedures for Voting by Absentee Ballot

Voters who meet the absentee ballot requirements may vote absentee by mail or in person.

Requesting an Absentee Ballot 

In Person

Visit your county board of elections office (find yours here). You can pick up an application, fill it out, and deliver it to the county board through the day before the election. Some counties offer in-person absentee voting through the day before Election Day, so check with your county board of elections for more information.

By Mail

You can download the application online in either English or Spanish. The form can be returned via mail or in-person. You may also designate another person to deliver your application to your local county board of elections.  Only that person designated on your voter registration application may pick up and deliver your ballot. 

If applying by mail, the county board office must receive the absentee ballot application no later than fifteen days prior to the election..  Note that NY state indicates that it can’t guarantee timely delivery of ballots requested less than 15 days before the election. It makes sense to give extra time for mail delivery in light of risks of delay to be sure your ballot arrives on time and your vote can be counted. 

Voting by Absentee Ballot

You may return the ballot in any of the following ways. 

  • Mail it ensuring it is postmarked no later than election day.
  • Bring it, either personally or anyone else, to the County Board of Elections Office no later than 9:00 p.m on election day. 
  • Bring it, either personally, or anyone else, to an early voting poll site
  • Bring it, either personally or anyone else, to a poll site by 9:00 p.m on election day.
  •  

When mailing a completed ballot, the US Postal Service strongly recommends that voters allow enough time for ballots to be returned the Board of elections, which is generally seven days ahead of the election. 

Filling out an Absentee Ballot

Be sure to carefully follow the instructions on your absentee ballot. You must sign the oath on the envelope used to return the absentee ballot. If you cannot sign the oath on your absentee ballot envelope because of illness, physical disability or illiteracy, you must make your mark and have the mark witnessed by someone you designate.

Emergency Absentee Ballots

If the deadline for requesting an absentee ballot by mail has passed and you cannot appear at the polls on Election Day because of an accident or sudden illness, then you may send a representative with an authorized letter to receive an Absentee Ballot Application and Absentee Ballot and return both to the your board of elections by 9:00 p.m. on Election Day.

Voting in Person after Requesting an Absentee Ballot

An individual who requested an absentee ballot but now wishes to vote at their polling place on Election Day may do so. If the voter votes in person after submitting an absentee ballot, the absentee ballot will be set aside.

Have questions or need more information? Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)!

Identification Requirements

Voter Registration

To register to vote in New York you should provide one of the following:

  • Last Four Digits of your Social Security Number
  • Your New York Driver’s License Number
  • Your New York non-driver ID number

If you do not have any of these IDs, you can provide a copy of one of the following with your registration application:

  • Valid Photo ID
  • Government Issued Document that shows your current name and address
  • Utility Bill
  • Government Check
  • Bank Statement
  • Paycheck that Shows your Current Name and Address

Voting In-Person

If you registered to vote in New York, you may be required to present valid ID if you are voting for the first time or your registration is incomplete. You can use any ID from this list:

  • Current and Valid Photo ID
  • Valid New York non-driver’s ID
  • Paycheck that shows your Current Name and Address
  • Utility Bill
  • Bank Statement
  • Valid New York Driver’s License
  • Government Check
  • Government Issued Document that shows your Current Name and Address

Identification Requirements to Cast a Ballot In-Person 

Most voters are not required to provide an ID at the polling place. However, if an applicant does not provide the above identification information with their voter registration application, they will be required to provide this information when voting for the first time. 

Voter ID info cards in English and in Spanish.

If You Have Moved Within New York

If you have moved since you last voted, or registered to vote, you will need to update your voter registration information. If it is on or before the voter registration deadline, you should register to vote at your new/current address using the voter registration form as a change of address form. Notices of a changed address must be received by the county board of elections at least 20 days prior to an election. (see here for more information).

If it is after the deadline, your options depend on where you moved from and to:

  • If you moved within the same precinct, go to your polling place (which should be the same for your old and new address if you’ve moved within the same precinct) and provide the poll worker with your new address. You should be able to vote a regular ballot.
  • If you moved within New York State (even if between boroughs or counties), go to the polling place for your NEW address and cast an affidavit ballot there. The affidavit ballot should be counted and your address changed in the voter registration records. You can find your new polling place by entering your new address here.
  • If you moved to New York from another state within the 30 days prior to the election, you are only eligible to vote for president and vice president, not a full ballot. You can vote for president and vice president by special presidential ballot where you used to live. You may apply for a special presidential ballot from the board by: mail no later than the 7th day before the election, or by in-person delivery of your application on or before Election Day.
If You are in the Military or are an Overseas Voter

Voting Military

Service members and their dependents may register and request a ballot using the federal voter registration/ballot request form (“FPCA”). You will have the following identification options when completing the form:

  • ID Issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV)
  • Option to Indicate that you do not have the Requested ID
  • Last 4 Digits of your Social Security Number

Voting Overseas

U.S. citizens living overseas may register and request a ballot using the overseas voter registration/ballot request form. You will have the following identification options when completing the form:

  • ID Issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV)
  • Option to Indicate that you do not have the Requested ID
  • Last 4 Digits of your Social Security Number

Special services are provided to assist military and overseas civilian voters participate in elections. If you are a military or overseas civilian voter who is eligible to vote in New York, you can find out more at the New York Board of Elections site here.

Military and overseas citizens can also use the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA), also known as Standard Form 76, to register to vote and to request an absentee ballot. Visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program’s (FVAP) New York-specific FPCA page.

Military and overseas citizens can send and receive voting materials by mail, fax and email.  If you wish to use the fax or email options, you must indicate this on your FPCA.  Instructions for doing so are found on the FVAP’s New York-specific FPCA page.Military and overseas citizens can use the Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot (FWAB) if they are concerned with receiving their printed ballot and returning it by close of polls on Election Day. The FWAB is a blank ballot on which voters write-in their choices. The FWAB may also be used to register to vote and to apply for the absentee ballot, all in one step. If the FWAB is being used to register to vote, it must be received by the voter registration deadline.  For specific instructions, visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program’s New York page to download the form.

If You Have A Felony Conviction

After completing your prison and/or parole sentence, you may register to vote.

As of May 2021, all New York residents who are incarcerated due to a felony conviction will have their voting restored immediately and automatically upon release from prison. There is no special documentation  needed and this restoration of voting rights does not depend on whether or not the individual is on parole. 

Citizens who are on probation retain their right to vote. If you were previously registered to vote and lost your right to vote due to a felony conviction, you must re-register to vote by the registration deadline (see above for registration procedures).

I have a disability. Will my polling place be accessible?

Federal and New York law require that each polling place be accessible to physically disabled voters.  Additionally, at least one machine in each election district must be accessible to persons with disabilities.   A physically disabled voter whose polling place is located in a building that is not accessible shall be entitled to vote in any other election district at a polling place located in a building which is accessible.

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Questions about voting in New York?

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